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| 713 | 459 | 715 | 717 | 719 | 720 | 721 | 725 | 729 | 731 | 734 | 736 | 740 | 748 | 751 | 754 | 755 | 756 | 757 | 758 | 759 | 760 | 761 | 711 | 813 | 809 | 808 | 803 | 805 | 364 | 802 | 799 | 800 | 798 | 796 | 797 | 795 | 791 | 792 | 793 | 794 | 461 | 790 | 786 | 787 | 788 | 770 | 771 | 772 | 773 | 774 | 775 | 777 | 782 | 784 | 768 | 769 | 767 | 765 | 766 | 626 | 710 | 706 | 295 | 444 | 484 | 450 | 463 | 462 | 651 | 652 | 654 | 655 | 642 | 643 | 646 | 647 | 648 | 649 | 650 | 630 | 631 | 632 | 634 | 635 | 636 | 638 | 639 | 640 | 564 | 578 | 582 | 583 | 584 | 587 | 588 | 590 | 591 | 592 | 593 | 594 | 595 | 596 | 597 | 598 | 599 | 600 | 601 | 602 | 603 | 604 | 605 | 606 | 607 | 608 | 609 | 610 | 611 | 613 | 614 | 615 | 616 | 617 | 618 | 619 | 620 | 623 | 437 | 438 | 442 | 443 | 447 | 448 | 455 | 460 | 465 | 466 | 482 | 483 | 624 | 576 | 575 | 562 | 532 | 535 | 537 | 539 | 541 | 543 | 545 | 547 | 551 | 553 | 555 | 513 | 514 | 515 | 516 | 517 | 518 | 519 | 520 | 521 | 522 | 523 | 524 | 525 | 526 | 527 | 528 | 530 | 531 | 500 | 501 | 502 | 503 | 504 | 505 | 506 | 507 | 508 | 509 | 511 | 486 | 487 | 488 | 489 | 491 | 492 | 493 | 495 | 496 | 498 | 499 | 458 | 456 | 360 | 294 | 293 | 415 | 416 | 404 | 402 | 398 | 401 | 377 | 378 | 386 | 372 | 369 | 368 | 358 | 344 | 353 | 355 | 321 | 322 | 325 | 319 | 8 | 272 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 296 | 45 | 86 | 106 | 117 | 159 | 212 | 216 | 235

Ceramic Oxide Periodic Table

Notes

All common traditional ceramic base glazes are made from only a dozen elements (plus oxygen). Materials decompose when glazes melt, sourcing these elements in oxide form. The kiln builds the glaze from these, it does not care what material sources what oxide (assuming, of course, that all materials do melt or dissolve completely into the melt to release those oxides). Each of these oxides contributes specific properties to the glass. So, you can look at a formula and make a good prediction of the properties of the fired glaze. And know what specific oxide to increase or decrease to move a property in a given direction (e.g. melting behavior, hardness, durability, thermal expansion, color, gloss, crystallization). And know about how they interact (affecting each other). This is powerful. And it is simpler than looking at glazes as recipes of hundreds of different materials (each sources multiple oxides so adjusting it affects multiple properties).

Ceramic Oxide Periodic Table

Links

Glossary Glaze Chemistry
Glaze chemistry is the study of how the oxide chemistry of glazes relates to the way they fire. It accounts for color, surface, hardness, texturem, melting temperature, thermal expansion, etc.
Glossary Formula
In ceramics, the chemistry of a glazes are expressed as formulas of oxides. There are direct links between the oxide chemistry and the fired physical properties.
Glossary Ceramic Oxide
In glaze chemistry, the oxide is the basic unit of formulas and analyses. Knowledge of what materials supply an oxide and of how it affects the fired glass or glaze is a key to control.
Oxides Na2O - Sodium Oxide, Soda
Oxides MgO - Magnesium Oxide, Magnesia
Oxides SrO - Strontium Oxide, Strontia
Oxides ZrO - Zirconium Oxide, Zirconia
Oxides MnO - Manganous Oxide
Oxides MnO2 - Manganese Dioxide
Oxides V2O5 - Vanadium Pentoxide
Oxides CrO3 - Chromium Trioxide
Oxides Fe2O3 - Iron Oxide, Ferric Oxide
Oxides FeO - Ferrous Oxide
Oxides NiO - Nickel Oxide
Oxides SnO2 - Tin Oxide, Stannic Oxide
Oxides ZnO - Zinc Oxide
Oxides PbO - Lead Oxide
Oxides KNaO - Potassium/Sodium Oxides
Oxides Li2O - Lithium Oxide, Lithia
Oxides ZrO2 - Zirconium Dioxide
Oxides Al2O3 - Aluminum Oxide, Alumina
Oxides B2O3 - Boric Oxide
Oxides BaO - Barium Oxide, Baria
Oxides Bi2O3 - Bismuth Oxide
Oxides CaO - Calcium Oxide, Calcia
Oxides CoO - Cobalt Oxide
Oxides Cr2O3 - Chrome Oxide
Oxides Cu2O - Cuprous Oxide
Oxides CuO - Cupric Oxide
Oxides SiO2 - Silicon Dioxide, Silica
Oxides TiO2 - Titanium Dioxide, Titania
Articles Glaze Chemistry Basics - Formula, Analysis, Mole%, Unity, LOI
Part of changing your viewpoint of glazes, from a collection of materials to a collection of oxides, is learning what a formula and analysis are, how conversion between the two is done and how unity and LOI impact this.
Articles Understanding Ceramic Oxides
Fired glazes are composed of oxide building blocks. Each of the oxides contributes different properties to the fired glaze and interacts with others in different ways. Understanding these gives you control.
Articles Changing Our View of Glazes
A big secret to getting control of glazes is to begin looking at them as formulas of oxides rather than recipes of materials.
Projects Oxides

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