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VeeGum can plastify frits for making melt-flow test balls

Nothing compares the fired properties of frits as well as a melt-flow comparison. Remarkably, each frit has such a unique melting behaviour that it is possible to identify them and determine if two are similar (without knowing the chemistry). But frits need a binder to make them plastic-formable. I mix 50g of frit with 1.5g of VeeGum (or 100g/3g) then stir the powder into 40g of water in a cup. That produces a consistency that is easy to stir smooth (using a teaspoon) but is still fluid enough to level out on a plaster bat (for dewatering to plastic consistency). The 3% VeeGum is not enough to affect the melting behaviour, but it makes them pretty workable (however each frit does exhibit different tactile characteristics). I roll them into 12g (wet) balls, then dry them. They fit nicely into the reservoir for my GBMF test.

Frit and veegum powder ready to mix with water

Related Pictures

Make frit melt fluidity test balls using CMC gum as a binder


Traditionally we have made GBMF test balls of non-plastic materials (e.g. frit) using Veegum as the binder. However, Veegum interacts with materials enough to affect melting. CMC gum is better. I use 10g frit (the right amount for one ball), 0.1g CMC (1%) and ~3g of water. Of course, you need a scale accurate to 0.01g to be able to weigh out only 0.1g (otherwise consider doing 50g). The procedure that seems to work best is to shake the frit/CMC mix in a small bag, pour it into a bowl, pour in a tiny amount of water and stir and smear with a spoon. With the right amount of work and water the thickened material will become cohesive and can be formed by hand. Does cornstarch work? No, it does not gel like this and the mix is not plastic either. Psyllium? Yes, but it has a flakey texture and demands more water. For better formability use 1.5% CMC gum - however, the ball will dry slower and much harder. Other powders will behave differently (needing more or less water, forming better or poorer, dewatering slower or faster). You will need a plaster surface to absorb the excess water (which invariably happens).

Links

Projects Comparing the Melt Fluidity of 16 Frits
Glossary Frit
Frits are used in ceramic glazes for a wide range of reasons. They are man-made glass powders of controlled chemistry with many advantages over raw materials.
Materials Veegum
A clay of incredibly small particle size. It has the highest plasticity of any known clay and acts as a suspending and gelling agent in slurries.

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