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Transparent glaze thickness really matters over this Amaco velvet underglaze

At the leather hard stage the sides of these two L4410P low temperature dolomite body pieces were coated with AMACO velvet underglazes. Both were bisque fired and finished with a layer with the same transparent glaze. But the difference is the thickness of that glaze and the method of application: The one on the left got three thin layers of a brushing glaze. The one on the right was quickly dipped in a base coat version of that same glaze. Evidently there is a thickness threshold, which, when exceeded results in clouding. We have observed that this happens with pretty well any clear glaze.

Clouding transparent glaze over underglaze

Related Pictures

Thick application clouds a transparent glaze on a terra cotta clay

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Glaze clouding on terra cotta

Glaze clouding is a universal issue in ceramics. Terra cotta bodies demonstrate this best. Pretty well all transparent glazes, even commercially available ones, can cloud. This example is G2931K, it can be beautifully crystal clear. But the thickness of application is the key to achieving that (as thickness increases this happens). We ball milled it to see if that would help, but as you can see, that has not impacted the problem. This is a dipping version so that is part of the reason why it is easy to get it on too thick. One of the advantages of brushing glazes is the ability to carefully control thickness, .

Black and white cone 6 brushing glazes were easy to make

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To make high SG brushing versions of these glazes I started by blender mixing 500 grams of the G2926B Whiteware base clear to 250g of water and 100g of Laguna gum solution. That yielded about 550 ml, the resulting 1.58 specific gravity makes each layer go on quite thick. For the black, we added 30g more of Mason 6666 stain (6%) and for white 50g of Zircopax (10%). This increased the specific gravity to 1.63, much higher than any commercial brushing glaze. The black recipe costs about 1.37 cents/ml for us to make (compared to Amaco C-1 Obsidian @ 3.92 cents/ml to buy). The price advantage would be much better if we were to add enough water and Veegum gelling agent to bring the specific gravity down to the 1.4 value of C-1.

Links

Glossary Glaze thickness
Many ceramic glaze benefits and issues are closely related to the thickness with which the glaze is applied. Many glazes are very sensitive to thickness, so control is needed.

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