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Convert a dipping to a brushing glaze using CMC gum

The outsides of these thrown bean pots are a unique challenge to glaze evenly and drip free using dipping or pouring (without having a large bucket of slurry). Even then, a complication is that a much thinner layer is needed inside the flange. A gummed brushing glaze is a solution. But how can one convert a cup of dipping glaze into a brushing glaze? A blender and some CMC gum. Brushing glazes normally have a gum to harden them and slow down drying and a gelling agent to enable higher water content. But in this case I only need the former, about 1.5%. Two problems: How many grams and how to mix it in. Since we mix most of our dipping glazes to about 50:50 water:powder then 500g of glaze has 250g of powder. I can thus blender mix 3.75g CMC gum into it to get about a cup. Triple layer glazing this pieces takes about 5 minutes and leaves almost no mess to clean up. And the glaze dries hard and durable. A possible complication is that the gum can thin the glaze too much, making it watery. For that reason, it is often better to add the gum to a water-reduced version and then add more water later if needed.

Bean pot was glazed by brushing

Related Pictures

Paint another layer onto a fired glaze? Yes. With CMC gum.


The cone 6 mug on the left has the G3933A glaze, applied as a dipping glaze. It turned out poorly - crawling from corners and looking thin and washed out. I made a brushing glaze version of this (which adds 1.5% CMC gum), I keep it around for this very purpose. It has a high specific gravity (unlike commercial ones that have high water contents - they will run and go on too thin if you try this). Because of the gum it dries hard, there is no shrinkage or cracking. On a second firing, using the C6DHSC schedule again, (mug on the right) the surface is transformed - thicker, more vibrant color (being picked up from the underlying body).

Brushing glazes on large pottery items is surprisingly practical


Brushing glazes on large 10R stoneware

I applied this cone 10R transparent inside and out on both bisque and bone-dry ware using only a small brush (of course a larger one or a fan brush would be better). I have done up to 35 lb bowls this way. This is not a commercial brushing glaze, that would be super expensive for large pieces. This is a dipping glaze that we mix ourselves: G1947U. We add 10g CMC gum to one liter of a water-reduced version of the slurry. Blender mixing makes it possible to mix in the gum and tune water content for the best brushing experience. The gum slows down the drying speed dramatically so there is plenty of time to brush it into place (while the wheel is turning). The gum also greatly increases the cohesion, enabling pouring it without drips, even in a long thin stream. Many pieces were done like this in recent kiln loads (including application onto a leather-hard 40-inch tall vase), the evenness of coverage was the best I have ever gotten (of any technique).

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Materials CMC Gum
CMC gum is indispensable for many types of ceramic glazes. It is a glue and is mainly used to slow drying and improve adhesion and dry hardness.

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