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How can underglaze and engobe colors be this bright?

Top are V-326 and V-388 underglazes, painted on and bisque fired at cone 04. Although the layer is thin the coverage is very good and the brightness is stunning. How can these colors be so bright? Using very high, and expensive, percentages of stain. That explains why these commercial underglazes are double or triple the cost of a typical commercial glaze. The bottom mugs are clear-glazed and fired at cone 05, the one on the left with Amaco LG-10, The one on the right is Spectrum 700. The latter produces better results over the underglaze and is more transparent and less yellowish on the body.

Can you make bright-colored engobes and underglazes like this? Yes. Start with 50% stain and 50% stain medium (the percentage needed varies by color and type of stain).

Very bright blue and red underglazes

Related Pictures

Make AMACO velvet underglazes work better at cone 04


Red velvet underglazes at cone 05

Amaco Velvet underglazes fire to a pleasant velvet surface at cone 6 achieving good opacity and coverage. However, at cone 04 the surface is dry. Could the velvet appearance be achieved there? These cone 05 bisque fired Buffstone tiles have a single coat of V-308 Radiant Red topped by a single layer of G1916QL1 clear brushing. Spectrum 700 transparent low-fire glaze has been liquid volume blended at a 9:1, 8:1 and 7:1 (V-308:S700). Notice that as more glaze is added the color actually darkens! By 7:1 the surface is velvety. 8:1 seems optimal (because 7:1 is losing opacity). But caution is needed because the higher the glaze percentage the greater the fired shrinkage misfit between underglaze and body (misfit is not tolerated as well at low temperatures because the bond with body is not as intimate). So a conservative mix 9:1 would be a better starting point. A side-effect is that adding the glaze may change the underglaze’s rheology (so a deflocculant or gelling agent might be needed to establish thixotropy).

Links

Glossary Stain Medium
It is a mistake to use pure stains for decorating ware. Stains need to be mixed with a ceramic carrier and a working medium to work and fire well.
Glossary Commercial hobby brushing glazes
These are an incredible benefit to pottery beginners and pure hobbyists. But they can also be an obstacle to progress and affordability as your skills improve.
Glossary Underglaze
An intensely pigmented highly opaque non-melting ceramic material mix meant to adhere best to leather hard pottery and fire-fit the body. Often transparently overglazed. Starter recipes.

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