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1700F Frit Melt-Off: Who is the winner? Not the lead bisilicate!

These were 10g balls melted using our GBMF test. We fired at a temperature far lower than typical bisque, notice how many of them are already melting well! Frit 3602 is lead bisilicate. But it got "smoked" by the Fusion FZ-16 high-zinc, high-boron zero-alumina! Maybe you always thought lead was the best melter. That it produced the most transparent, crystal-clear glass. But that is not what we see here. That being said, notice the lead is not crazing but the FZ-16 is crazing badly, that is a problem for many applications using this frit, it relies on a high percentage of KNaO. Notice something else: Each frit has a distinctive melt fingerprint that makes it recognizable in tests like this. Want to get some of this frit for pottery? You can't, Fusion Ceramics doesn't want to handle retail sales of smaller quantities.

Melted balls of 15 frits on a ceramic tile

Related Pictures

Fusion Frit FZ-16 melt flow over many temperatures


A ten-gram frit ball melting at 11 temperatures

This melt flow tester demonstrates the beautiful crystal-clear glass this zinc frit creates by 1700F. It fits this porcelain without crazing, even though very thick and high in sodium (the high zinc and boron are countering it to keep the thermal expansion down). It runs off the end of the runway around 1600F on this GLFL test, rivaling lead bisilicate. This is a more concentrated boron source than even Gerstley Borate. Everything about this material screams “ultra gloss”, what a material to build a fluid-melt reactive super-glaze on!

Ferro Frit 3602 melt flow over many temperatures


A 9 gram ball of frit melts and flows downward more and more as temperature increases.

This demonstrates the amazing melt behaviour of lead-as-a-flux for ceramic glazes. Not only does it melt early, but it softens slowly over a 300F range of temperatures before it goes off the end of the runway on this GLFL test. Then, when fired 200F hotter than that, it remains a stable, clear and uncrazed glass. Beginning around 1750F, this becomes a transparent glaze, by itself.

Links

Tests Glaze Melt Fluidity - Ball Test
A test where a 10-gram ball of dried glaze is fired on a porcelain tile to study its melt flow, surface character, bubble retention and surface tension.
Materials Fusion Frit FZ-16
The champion in our frit melt-off competitition. This frit showcases the amazing fluxing power of boron and zinc working together. It is 15.5% ZnO.
Materials Ferro Frit 3602
Materials Fusion Frit F-38
High strontium low alumina borosilicate flux.
Materials Fusion Frit FZ-164
Materials Ferro Frit 3134
A frit with 23% B2O3. The most common of frits used in pottery in North America. Around the world, other companies make frits of equivalent chemistry.
Materials Fusion Frit F-69
A magnesia borosilicate frit having very low thermal expansion and melting point. Commonly used as a substitute for Ferro frit 3249.
Materials Fusion Frit F-75
High sodium, high thermal expansion low boron frit. An equivalent of Ferro Frit 3110.
Materials Fusion Frit F-524
A low fire base glaze, add 10% kaolin, adjust thermal expansion using other frits.
Materials Ferro Frit 3110
High sodium, high thermal expansion low boron frit. A super-feldspar in clay bodies. Melts a very low temperatures.
Materials Ferro Frit 3124
A commonly available calcium borosilicate frit.
Materials Ferro Frit 3195
Materials Ferro Frit 3249
A magnesia borosilicate frit. Very low thermal expansion and melting point. Invaluable in pottery to increase the MgO in glazes and thereby prevent crazing.
Materials Frit LA-300
Materials Frit B325
Temperatures Comparison of frit melts at 1700F (926-)

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