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What should the consistency of CMC gum solution be?

This is CMC gum 35g/liter gum solution after it has been thoroughly hot-mixed and cooled to about 30C. As it cools further and sits it thins. Gum solutions can have a higher CMC content, up to double this, but they are more difficult to use.

Most often, gum solution is intended to augment the water when batching a recipe. If added to an already-mixed glaze it thins it - so an equal amount or more water should first be removed. For example, consider converting a dipping glaze to a brushing glaze: Adding 1.5% CMC gum, via gum solution, to a gallon of glaze would also add almost a liter of water (it would become useless and settle out). This being said, a gelling agent like VeeGum can also be added to create a low specific gravity slurry, like many commercial bottled glazes. This enables fine control of thickness since multiple layers must be applied.

Gum solution consistency

Related Pictures

Control gel using Veegum, brushing properties with CMC gum


Mixing a brushing glaze

This is G1214Z1 brushing glaze (with 5% titanium added). For a 340g powder batch (to get a pint) my initial target is 5g CMC gum and 5g Veegum. CMC controls drying speed and Veegum the amount of gelling. I first mix the CMC with the powder and shake the whole batch in a plastic bag. Then I add it all to 440g of water in the blender jar and mix it well (making sure no agglomerates remain (stage 1). Stage 2 is adding the VeeGum slowly, while high-speed blender-mixing, this is important because it enables tuning the degree of gel (which cannot be predicted). Because this recipe has little clay, it took all 5g of Veegum without overgelling (the entire mass moved freely in the mixer jar). But it did gel overnight (so 4g would be better next time). By contrast, it is the brushing behavior that demonstrates whether the amount of CMC is right. Not enough and coats dry too fast and go on too thick. Too much and it dries too slowly and too many coats are needed.

Links

Materials CMC Gum
CMC gum is indispensable for many types of ceramic glazes. It is a glue and is mainly used to slow drying and improve adhesion and dry hardness.

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