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Black engobed M340 stoneware with GA6-B Alberta Slip glaze

Hand built. Cone 6 drop-and-hold PLC6DS firing. The engobe is the L3954B base recipe with added Mason 6600 black stain, it was applied at the leather hard stage inside and part way down the outside. The GA6-B glaze enhances the black under it. By Tony Hansen.

Related Pictures

How to make a black cone 6 oxidation clay body


Cone 6 black clay bodies

Many cone 6 black clay bodies are available commercially. Some manufacturers are using manganese dioxide but the fume hazards seem far too serious to risk. Is it practical to slurry up your own from a recipe? Yes. Probably the most common method is the addition of raw umber or burnt umber. Umber behaves as a flux so when added to middle temperature bodies the resulting clay becomes too vitreous (so warping, bloating and glaze blisters are common). The secret is too add the umber to a cone 10 stoneware and the umber fluxes it to a cone 6 stoneware. Another method is the use of a black stain. Stains carry no danger of bloating and they work really well. However, the elephant in the room here is cost (that’s also why cobalt is not even on the table). But there is a way to make black stain affordable: Using a jet-black engobe.

All these bars were fired to cone 6 (although they are numbered 5).
Top bar: L4768D, a white cone 10R porcelain with 10% umber (the result is too vitreous and colour has gone brown).
L4768E is a cone 10 red burning stoneware stained with 5% umber. The red fireclay in its recipe is the secret of it being sufficiently refractory to host the umber.
L4484D is MNP plus 6% Mason 6666 black stain. Normally more stain would be needed if it were a white burning porcelain.
P6729 and P7159 are both Plainsman Coffee clay, it is made using 10% burnt umber.

Links

Projects Pie-Crust Mug-Making Method
Tony Hansen's project to make light, strong and functional slab-built mugs using tools and templates made possible by 3D design and 3D printing.
Recipes GA6-B - Alberta Slip Cone 6 transparent honey glaze
An amber-colored glaze that produces a clean, micro-bubble-free transparent glass at cone 5-6. Works well on brown and red burning stonewares.

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