No tracking! No ads!
That's why this page loads quickly!

SignUp for Monthly Tech-Tip from Tony Hansen

254 | 203 | 932 | 2742 | 2743 | 809 | 1743 | 1744 | 285 | 290 | 1598 | 1599 | 1340 | 380 | 765 | 2558 | 2559 | 1393 | 1927 | 1928 | 1642 | 2892 | 2026 | 2620 | 2027 | 566 | 1139 | 1692 | 2626 | 1181 | 1182 | 2872 | 1549 | 1415 | 388 | 1620 | 2604 | 701 | 3055 | 1127 | 958 | 2992 | 2993 | 808 | 2874 | 2873 | 1847 | 1575 | 586 | 207 | 673 | 1293 | 1540 | 1071 | 2235 | 1602 | 1603 | 1095 | 2855 | 2853 | 2854 | 637 | 2409 | 2410 | 720 | 3051 | 1399 | 1440 | 1383 | 695 | 2768 | 2767 | 2074 | 2686 | 492 | 480 | 495 | 310 | 313 | 473 | 474 | 450 | 314 | 475 | 521 | 455 | 486 | 469 | 481 | 425 | 1129 | 466 | 467 | 482 | 316 | 1132 | 468 | 445 | 446 | 477 | 448 | 1282 | 472 | 315 | 471 | 439 | 311 | 484 | 447 | 1325 | 440 | 518 | 442 | 378 | 443 | 1288 | 444 | 1283 | 1374 | 1171 | 461 | 420 | 465 | 424 | 451 | 464 | 462 | 487 | 1270 | 423 | 1177 | 485 | 1275 | 1381 | 459 | 317 | 449 | 419 | 370 | 1441 | 458 | 318 | 319 | 418 | 1410 | 1372 | 320 | 322 | 321 | 497 | 371 | 308 | 309 | 1184 | 383 | 323 | 1161 | 324 | 456 | 417 | 1439 | 1286 | 1371 | 496 | 531 | 1191 | 501 | 379 | 498 | 409 | 305 | 325 | 1151 | 357 | 493 | 1136 | 361 | 437 | 299 | 500 | 326 | 1336 | 457 | 327 | 491 | 1377 | 441 | 520 | 503 | 1150 | 298 | 1396 | 399 | 1446 | 328 | 411 | 1135 | 470 | 505 | 1178 | 1376 | 306 | 504 | 408 | 1149 | 1153 | 483 | 304 | 507 | 488 | 329 | 1173 | 489 | 1266 | 330 | 302 | 506 | 1186 | 333 | 331 | 372 | 1362 | 303 | 1426 | 1375 | 1373 | 344 | 400 | 404 | 334 | 1188 | 332 | 301 | 369 | 463 | 413 | 312 | 490 | 1413 | 512 | 453 | 335 | 511 | 510 | 509 | 502 | 406 | 416 | 407 | 494 | 365 | 1154 | 508 | 300 | 1433 | 541 | 1313 | 363 | 428 | 381 | 452 | 1145 | 476 | 336 | 460 | 426 | 1287 | 540 | 427 | 1390 | 1284 | 429 | 1280 | 430 | 307 | 431 | 337 | 433 | 454 | 516 | 1155 | 1156 | 339 | 1157 | 544 | 434 | 1141 | 1384 | 1137 | 543 | 542 | 435 | 1389 | 546 | 1273 | 1416 | 438 | 1276 | 382 | 1332 | 1326 | 1977 | 1978 | 1774 | 2569 | 2570 | 1508 | 1007 | 1785 | 1786 | 598 | 3033 | 793 | 1464 | 2300 | 2301 | 1660 | 1133 | 786 | 206 | 204 | 1189 | 2577 | 2578 | 2579 | 1537 | 1534 | 1536 | 282 | 3170 | 986 | 2339 | 700 | 2987 | 2988 | 2955 | 436 | 1833 | 2341 | 2342 | 795 | 2470 | 2471 | 1843 | 2885 | 2886 | 2887 | 340 | 1471 | 260 | 1180 | 368 | 1698 | 73 | 105 | 27 | 168 | 106 | 159 | 199 | 28 | 156 | 232 | 102 | 107 | 163 | 1467 | 1590 | 847 | 2412 | 1290 | 1605 | 1826 | 2960 | 1479 | 1573 | 1615 | 1019 | 2978 | 922 | 2979 | 23 | 25 | 1628 | 1453 | 1460 | 1334 | 390 | 2453 | 2454 | 1689 | 249 | 1948 | 291 | 1364 | 1367 | 205 | 1969 | 2469 | 2958 | 766 | 2959 | 919 | 2003 | 3034 | 3035 | 3036 | 1322 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1571 | 2820 | 37 | 2437 | 1341 | 1418 | 2543 | 1732 | 2641 | 2088 | 2087 | 1121 | 2256 | 2842 | 2843 | 2844 | 2098 | 2099 | 2100 | 2102 | 1296 | 2130 | 2131 | 375 | 169 | 479 | 36 | 410 | 157 | 161 | 103 | 1176 | 201 | 2966 | 1466 | 591 | 892 | 2601 | 1172 | 1010 | 2822 | 2823 | 966 | 1450 | 755 | 3134 | 3136 | 3135 | 112 | 113 | 135 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 623 | 1750 | 2621 | 1457 | 212 | 1728 | 1908 | 1909 | 412 | 283 | 1552 | 791 | 2952 | 2953 | 639 | 1388 | 2651 | 668 | 1430 | 2605 | 1431 | 1432 | 1434 | 901 | 2020 | 2021 | 1307 | 1308 | 1477 | 1300 | 1310 | 1301 | 1309 | 1378 | 1379 | 1304 | 1303 | 1312 | 1311 | 1305 | 1302 | 1148 | 856 | 2539 | 115 | 1424 | 193 | 194 | 2022 | 677 | 240 | 111 | 236 | 780 | 1111 | 831 | 2012 | 2896 | 698 | 744 | 2890 | 1008 | 2891 | 1338 | 1339 | 2791 | 2792 | 2793 | 672 | 2109 | 235 | 1369 | 2045 | 2044 | 1417 | 631 | 132 | 134 | 144 | 145 | 147 | 150 | 1142 | 2980 | 792 | 2981 | 1391 | 1738 | 1757 | 1758 | 1739 | 1759 | 1760 | 2061 | 1849 | 2357 | 1032 | 2871 | 1733 | 1472 | 1123 | 2191 | 2192 | 1187 | 1470 | 1096 | 657 | 2707 | 1442 | 1411 | 1289 | 270 | 269 | 1412 | 712 | 725 | 770 | 1492 | 2757 | 2758 | 751 | 2856 | 2857 | 2510 | 2715 | 2716 | 945 | 1092 | 2181 | 2182 | 548 | 3093 | 3094 | 833 | 2183 | 2184 | 800 | 1766 | 1767 | 1448 | 523 | 2760 | 1281 | 665 | 1527 | 499 | 1595 | 1012 | 3166 | 3167 | 2635 | 2636 | 3000 | 1737 | 1406 | 1407 | 1556 | 1323 | 1324 | 1497 | 1493 | 2189 | 2190 | 1482 | 1495 | 1112 | 2304 | 2303 | 1496 | 2193 | 2194 | 3111 | 898 | 3112 | 213 | 653 | 1299 | 1368 | 1349 | 2201 | 2202 | 1486 | 651 | 2173 | 3077 | 3078 | 3079 | 2923 | 2924 | 1099 | 1292 | 1343 | 1499 | 1613 | 1769 | 2212 | 2213 | 909 | 693 | 669 | 366 | 2221 | 2607 | 1179 | 711 | 391 | 2881 | 547 | 2882 | 142 | 143 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 2917 | 2916 | 2918 | 2230 | 2231 | 1023 | 2232 | 2233 | 1507 | 1152 | 759 | 2234 | 1274 | 1498 | 1500 | 343 | 667 | 2838 | 2839 | 1501 | 200 | 622 | 2631 | 2632 | 1093 | 130 | 129 | 131 | 2638 | 2568 | 128 | 2241 | 634 | 2242 | 1110 | 1485 | 1503 | 663 | 1484 | 279 | 670 | 1579 | 2259 | 1504 | 8 | 9 | 1385 | 2037 | 2038 | 364 | 578 | 276 | 367 | 271 | 274 | 272 | 1350 | 108 | 74 | 75 | 120 | 902 | 2274 | 1113 | 845 | 2717 | 550 | 346 | 1788 | 1790 | 2279 | 2280 | 655 | 1789 | 1403 | 278 | 1386 | 3127 | 775 | 3128 | 703 | 2285 | 1425 | 202 | 692 | 2291 | 2292 | 781 | 934 | 2204 | 3091 | 3090 | 3092 | 78 | 191 | 114 | 1195 | 1196 | 1197 | 1198 | 1199 | 1200 | 1201 | 1203 | 1204 | 1205 | 1206 | 1207 | 1208 | 1209 | 1210 | 1211 | 1212 | 1193 | 1213 | 1214 | 1215 | 1216 | 1217 | 1218 | 1219 | 1220 | 1221 | 1222 | 1223 | 1192 | 1224 | 1225 | 1226 | 1228 | 1229 | 1230 | 1231 | 1232 | 1233 | 1234 | 1235 | 1236 | 1239 | 1238 | 1240 | 1237 | 1241 | 1242 | 1243 | 1244 | 1202 | 1227 | 1245 | 1194 | 1246 | 1247 | 1248 | 1249 | 1250 | 1251 | 1252 | 1253 | 1254 | 1255 | 1256 | 1257 | 1258 | 1259 | 1449 | 2852 | 2851 | 691 | 778 | 1067 | 2105 | 2990 | 2989 | 2991 | 579 | 3061 | 3060 | 736 | 3067 | 3066 | 2903 | 2904 | 2905 | 1033 | 2831 | 2832 | 1657 | 995 | 678 | 2985 | 1119 | 2986 | 2827 | 2828 | 2826 | 1435 | 2188 | 1328 | 392 | 394 | 395 | 403 | 387 | 1131 | 386 | 385 | 405 | 384 | 118 | 119 | 398 | 401 | 1130 | 402 | 396 | 1128 | 1330 | 555 | 557 | 1627 | 1183 | 1392 | 1278 | 1816 | 2320 | 2321 | 1819 | 2327 | 1818 | 2324 | 2325 | 1331 | 2328 | 2789 | 195 | 1306 | 1558 | 784 | 3118 | 1057 | 3119 | 723 | 823 | 2332 | 761 | 1823 | 1824 | 737 | 1812 | 937 | 1073 | 2333 | 2334 | 104 | 238 | 1643 | 948 | 3076 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 34 | 1829 | 2515 | 1190 | 763 | 570 | 3074 | 3075 | 217 | 1506 | 997 | 2345 | 2346 | 1677 | 2347 | 1088 | 1447 | 624 | 676 | 2806 | 674 | 2780 | 659 | 724 | 688 | 61 | 209 | 210 | 211 | 1656 | 1333 | 687 | 2293 | 1848 | 1402 | 1401 | 3080 | 702 | 810 | 1865 | 1866 | 1867 | 294 | 662 | 730 | 569 | 220 | 1089 | 1868 | 2650 | 2608 | 694 | 756 | 2804 | 1143 | 605 | 2652 | 642 | 3064 | 3065 | 707 | 757 | 1872 | 1422 | 1720 | 1721 | 1873 | 545 | 1419 | 746 | 1509 | 748 | 713 | 1370 | 1771 | 602 | 764 | 170 | 478 | 160 | 1185 | 158 | 1090 | 595 | 1468 | 1400 | 527 | 528 | 529 | 530 | 532 | 525 | 533 | 534 | 535 | 536 | 538 | 537 | 539 | 1062 | 2390 | 2391 | 109 | 110 | 868 | 2994 | 2995 | 1321 | 1320 | 1567 | 1160 | 824 | 2370 | 2406 | 1335 | 98 | 99 | 706 | 903 | 2883 | 2884 | 1272 | 1315 | 101 | 3011 | 3012 | 3013 | 1260 | 1887 | 1888 | 1262 | 2419 | 2511 | 647 | 618 | 728 | 1100 | 192 | 397 | 35 | 680 | 2787 | 2786 | 2788 | 553 | 341 | 1444 | 1443 | 515 | 514 | 513 | 1505 | 1164 | 1165 | 1166 | 1167 | 1168 | 1169 | 782 | 876 | 225 | 635 | 3168 | 3169 | 1147 | 345 | 31 | 33 | 1428 | 1557 | 32 | 259 | 1103 | 558 | 783 | 277 | 2439 | 2440 | 1900 | 1102 | 1608 | 1525 | 2448 | 2449 | 1405 | 1068 | 2501 | 697 | 613 | 645 | 2065 | 2066 | 749 | 1365 | 1366 | 20 | 18 | 17 | 19 | 1576 | 2460 | 718 | 2461 | 2462 | 2609 | 393 | 704 | 721 | 2465 | 742 | 1124 | 1945 | 2622 | 587 | 2658 | 1438 | 1764 | 1763 | 1741 | 607 | 171 | 1017 | 1953 | 1954 | 1140 | 726 | 1318 | 100 | 719 | 733 | 2630 | 754 | 2525 | 2526 | 1053 | 2805 | 2090 | 2835 | 2836 | 2837 | 709 | 2167 | 2168 | 658 | 656 | 1568 | 1474 | 1327 | 1158 | 972 | 1966 | 2814 | 2813 | 2815 | 2698 | 2697 | 2699 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 2472 | 2865 | 2866 | 2867 | 2846 | 2845 | 2847 | 295 | 297 | 1777 | 3156 | 3157 | 1984 | 1983 | 1985 | 1987 | 1986 | 1988 | 3037 | 975 | 3038 | 758 | 2807 | 2808 | 788 | 2533 | 2534 | 358 | 359 | 360 | 3045 | 3046 | 3047 | 785 | 2614 | 2615 | 1382 | 3017 | 3016 | 164 | 1550 | 1600 | 517 | 519 | 522 | 524 | 526 | 696 | 1098 | 1039 | 2005 | 2006 | 7 | 2967 | 741 | 1261 | 2479 | 2478 | 2000 | 3116 | 912 | 2484 | 1337 | 722 | 2863 | 2862 | 2864 | 953 | 1892 | 1893 | 1531 | 162 | 1294 | 2490 | 1006 | 10 | 11 | 559 | 3048 | 1530 | 1138 | 1478 | 923 | 3009 | 3010 | 773 | 1703 | 2492 | 1635 | 1634 | 2493 | 2458 | 752 | 629 | 422 | 2094 | 2093 | 2095 | 1452 | 2496 | 2497 | 1553 | 1106 | 1489 | 772 | 3005 | 3004 | 3006 | 281 | 1097 | 2111 | 2112 | 2113 | 1358 | 1118 | 1404 | 1398 | 2996 | 2997 | 2998 | 1513 | 2122 | 2121 | 1514 | 1515 | 2129 | 2128 | 1144 | 1661 | 753 | 432 | 1361 | 682 | 2507 | 2508 | 373 | 374 | 377 | 376 | 239 | 1516 | 2143 | 2142 | 2144 | 679 | 787 | 2868 | 2869 | 1753 | 3043 | 3044 | 2849 | 2848 | 2850 | 621 | 3103 | 3102 | 3104 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 2858 | 2860 | 2859 | 965 | 3143 | 3144 | 2824 | 858 | 2999 | 180 | 175 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 174 | 178 | 38 | 165 | 1271 | 769 | 803 | 1529 | 1134 | 2153 | 2154 | 643 | 3109 | 3110 | 2155 | 2156 | 2157 | 1101 | 2158 | 2825 | 841 | 2521 | 2522 | 888 | 2523 | 2524 | 1597 | 284 | 289 | 1606 | 955 | 1745 | 974 | 2600 | 2599 | 743 | 2694 | 2708 | 1616 | 2688 | 632 | 1748 | 1913 | 1749 | 1917 | 1916 | 1778 | 2257 | 2798 | 2797 | 805 | 1589 | 681 | 2563 | 2203 | 2551 | 2552 | 1342 | 2591 | 675 | 2687 | 2030 | 2149 | 2150 | 849 | 2947 | 2948 | 1670 | 907 | 2042 | 2043 | 1069 | 2051 | 2949 | 2951 | 2950 | 684 | 2265 | 839 | 1762 | 1263 | 1277 | 626 | 2659 | 2660 | 3129 | 879 | 3130 | 1523 | 1663 | 1688 | 1456 | 1970 | 2790 | 878 | 1631 | 2819 | 1583 | 2684 | 2706 | 774 | 565 | 2185 | 2186 | 1751 | 2187 | 641 | 1780 | 1682 | 1957 | 2243 | 2244 | 963 | 2536 | 2946 | 2205 | 2206 | 906 | 2956 | 971 | 2834 | 3165 | 1655 | 2769 | 1421 | 1644 | 1673 | 1653 | 1582 | 1654 | 1475 | 3171 | 1647 | 1645 | 1650 | 1652 | 1648 | 1646 | 1651 | 1649 | 1268 | 3173 | 342 | 1380 | 2582 | 1414 | 58 | 262 | 263 | 1679 | 389 | 2730 | 1159 | 1269 | 1709 | 1517 | 1352 | 1678 | 414 | 689 | 2800 | 2801 | 1560 | 601 | 1770 | 2216 | 2217 | 2218 | 1054 | 2450 | 1045 | 2909 | 2910 | 628 | 2224 | 2225 | 572 | 2925 | 2926 | 2499 | 2722 | 837 | 2237 | 3140 | 3141 | 3142 | 1565 | 1108 | 1999 | 1577 | 1458 | 2672 | 1483 | 1717 | 1669 | 1473 | 1547 | 1491 | 1574 | 1684 | 1554 | 1528 | 1526 | 1566 | 1596 | 1480 | 1667 | 1541 | 1666 | 2625 | 1639 | 1569 | 1535 | 1691 | 1329 | 2647 | 2238 | 2888 | 979 | 2889 | 2911 | 1610 | 921 | 1718 | 3100 | 592 | 3101 | 2270 | 2271 | 993 | 2877 | 2878 | 2927 | 2349 | 2350 | 1633 | 1126 | 2645 | 1729 | 2774 | 2773 | 927 | 2580 | 3087 | 3088 | 3089 | 956 | 1799 | 1800 | 599 | 2682 | 2683 | 2576 | 859 | 3007 | 3008 | 603 | 2648 | 2649 | 1122 | 2310 | 2311 | 1820 | 2329 | 2669 | 1436 | 1437 | 1544 | 1543 | 1593 | 1455 | 1524 | 1713 | 1519 | 1454 | 1420 | 1581 | 1521 | 3175 | 2565 | 2595 | 1588 | 1640 | 1559 | 1520 | 1459 | 1461 | 2710 | 2779 | 2581 | 1708 | 1548 | 1551 | 1463 | 1538 | | 2709 | 1722 | 1562 | 1060 | 1821 | 1822 | 861 | 2176 | 2547 | 2548 | 1707 | 3056 | 3057 | 2348 | 1845 | 2776 | 2778 | 2777 | 1701 | 776 | 1863 | 1864 | 2723 | 2724 | 2725 | 853 | 2505 | 1612 | 1570 | 1115 | 2368 | 2367 | 1869 | 1870 | 1871 | 2363 | 2364 | 2976 | 2977 | 1874 | 1875 | 762 | 2165 | 2166 | 2337 | 2338 | 2123 | 2124 | 2713 | 2714 | 1714 | 2772 | 714 | 2740 | 2741 | 1016 | 1632 | 2537 | 734 | 2538 | 560 | 2665 | 2666 | 2392 | 2393 | 1879 | 2394 | 2395 | 2906 | 2907 | 2908 | 1880 | 1881 | 2398 | 2399 | 2400 | 2247 | 1776 | 2248 | 777 | 3014 | 3015 | 2407 | 2408 | 1884 | 1885 | 797 | 2982 | 2983 | 1886 | 2416 | 2417 | 739 | 2418 | 2119 | 2703 | 2704 | 1623 | 2424 | 2893 | 2895 | 2894 | 1791 | 1585 | 611 | 2433 | 2432 | 2875 | 1630 | 70 | 1594 | 1476 | 1607 | 89 | 86 | 91 | 90 | 95 | 124 | 94 | 93 | 88 | 85 | 84 | 256 | 1427 | 1592 | 1580 | 1555 | 2731 | 1638 | 2442 | 2443 | 2444 | 2451 | 2670 | 2671 | 1700 | 1929 | 1930 | 857 | 2964 | 2436 | 750 | 1932 | 1931 | 2596 | 2696 | 790 | 2733 | 2734 | 1768 | 1665 | 883 | 1808 | 1809 | 1959 | 1960 | 2468 | 3072 | 826 | 3073 | 581 | 2618 | 2619 | 844 | 2473 | 2474 | 1765 | 2685 | 3113 | 3114 | 3115 | 1681 | 1423 | 1086 | 2480 | 913 | 2783 | 575 | 2653 | 2654 | 1851 | 1852 | 1853 | 992 | 1844 | 593 | 2711 | 2712 | 939 | 2069 | 3172 | 2070 | 2071 | 1726 | 2556 | 2557 | 1591 | 2085 | 2086 | 644 | 2089 | 1629 | 2500 | 940 | 2164 | 2673 | 2127 | 2504 | 2506 | 3174 | 1539 | 2145 | 2146 | 1716 | 648 | 2139 | 2147 | 2148 | 871 | 3063 | 3062 | 649 | 1742 | 633 | 1925 | 1926 | 931 | 2612 | 1911 | 1910 | 227 | 2598 | 2597 | 3069 | 3070 | 3071 | 652 | 3049 | 3050 | 1921 | 1922 | 893 | 2527 | 811 | 2602 | 127 | 2531 | 2532 | 920 | 2744 | 2745 | 1746 | 615 | 1747 | 1170 | 2728 | 2729 | 789 | 2549 | 2550 | 771 | 2262 | 2261 | 1624 | 1609 | 1637 | 2818 | 1923 | 1924 | 1074 | 556 | 2962 | 2963 | 816 | 3123 | 3124 | 732 | 1914 | 1915 | 1022 | 2561 | 2560 | 806 | 1719 | 1542 | 1731 | 2661 | 2662 | 2784 | 2785 | 2693 | 627 | 2901 | 2902 | 1991 | 2475 | 1011 | 2542 | 1035 | 2135 | 2136 | 630 | 2024 | 2025 | 1683 | 2028 | 779 | 2031 | 2032 | 2033 | 2034 | 2054 | 2055 | 2463 | 2039 | 812 | 2535 | 1734 | 2041 | 2049 | 2050 | 2973 | 2974 | 2975 | 1690 | 908 | 1078 | 1810 | 1811 | 933 | 2056 | 2057 | 2058 | 2897 | 580 | 561 | 2001 | 2002 | 745 | 2059 | 2060 | 1740 | 1761 | 2642 | 836 | 2326 | 2833 | 832 | 2062 | 2063 | 1061 | 2064 | 1488 | 924 | 2253 | 827 | 2163 | 3095 | 3097 | 3096 | 3148 | 3149 | 3147 | 1291 | 1564 | 802 | 1964 | 1686 | 1687 | 2170 | 2750 | 2751 | 1070 | 2174 | 2175 | 1429 | 1919 | 1920 | 2177 | 2178 | 727 | 951 | 3031 | 3032 | 1075 | 2434 | 2435 | 2802 | 2803 | 2663 | 2664 | 571 | 2606 | 77 | 1754 | 2518 | 2519 | 2520 | 870 | 3025 | 1494 | 2603 | 640 | 2195 | 2764 | 911 | 2199 | 2765 | 2200 | 2766 | 798 | 573 | 2498 | 2761 | 2762 | 747 | 2378 | 2379 | 1736 | 2048 | 872 | 2564 | 2207 | 2208 | 961 | 2209 | 2210 | 2211 | 710 | 2689 | 2690 | 1675 | 896 | 2196 | 3053 | 2695 | 1532 | 1116 | 2782 | 1699 | 1702 | 2219 | 2220 | 2222 | 2223 | 735 | 2180 | 1705 | 2226 | 1704 | 2227 | 2228 | 2229 | 1021 | 2840 | 2841 | 1319 | 2401 | 2236 | 1772 | 1773 | 1387 | 2633 | 2634 | 2239 | 1481 | 2566 | 2567 | 952 | 2344 | 2240 | 1662 | 760 | 2245 | 2246 | 1775 | 2571 | 2249 | 2250 | 2251 | 2252 | 1175 | 699 | 2254 | 799 | 3098 | 3099 | 2627 | 1059 | 2258 | 981 | 2260 | 2264 | 2263 | 1782 | 1784 | 1783 | 2679 | 2680 | 2681 | 2572 | 2573 | 794 | 2273 | 2574 | 2281 | 2282 | 1792 | 2277 | 2278 | 1049 | 2275 | 2283 | 2284 | 1671 | 2286 | 2288 | 3131 | 3133 | 3132 | 1793 | 2289 | 2290 | 1586 | 1080 | 1795 | 2491 | 2294 | 636 | 1796 | 1163 | 661 | 2266 | 2913 | 2267 | 2914 | 1297 | 880 | 2295 | 910 | 2590 | 2296 | 2297 | 2298 | 2299 | 768 | 596 | 1797 | 2718 | 2719 | 1798 | 946 | 2702 | 2794 | 2795 | 1802 | 1803 | 1804 | 1046 | 2585 | 1055 | 600 | 588 | 2732 | 2575 | 3137 | 3138 | 3139 | 2305 | 3028 | 3029 | 3030 | 2306 | 549 | 2035 | 2036 | 964 | 3039 | 3040 | 1020 | 3023 | 1091 | 2307 | 2308 | 1619 | 1353 | 1807 | 2309 | 1584 | 2312 | 2613 | 3081 | 1451 | 1814 | 2313 | 2315 | 1839 | 2314 | 1838 | 1604 | 1832 | 2316 | 2318 | 2317 | 2319 | 1114 | 1490 | 2588 | 2589 | 2739 | 2928 | 1013 | 2323 | 984 | 2322 | 1058 | 1680 | 2330 | 2331 | 1625 | 890 | 968 | 1828 | 2336 | 2335 | 2810 | 2811 | 2812 | 2705 | 1622 | 2340 | 2646 | 941 | 2516 | 1830 | 2517 | 1831 | 1834 | 1835 | 1298 | 2937 | 2938 | 2376 | 1836 | 1837 | 1840 | 1841 | 1561 | 1546 | 2879 | 2880 | 1614 | 767 | 3161 | 3162 | 2084 | 2829 | 2830 | 1117 | 2302 | 3026 | 3027 | 814 | 1715 | 2351 | 1264 | 2584 | 1265 | 2354 | 2355 | 2431 | 619 | 551 | 1285 | 2358 | 2356 | 1850 | 2359 | 2360 | 2361 | 2529 | 2530 | 1855 | 1856 | 1857 | 1858 | 1860 | 1859 | 987 | 1861 | 1862 | 2971 | 2970 | 2972 | 2781 | 2720 | 2721 | 873 | 2169 | 1672 | 1787 | 1051 | 2362 | 654 | 3145 | 3146 | 2369 | 2541 | 2936 | 2935 | 2371 | 2372 | 731 | 2373 | 2377 | 708 | 1877 | 2365 | 2366 | 716 | 840 | 2380 | 1697 | 2675 | 2676 | 877 | 3022 | 3021 | 1878 | 2384 | 2385 | 2386 | 2387 | 2388 | 664 | 2770 | 2771 | 2389 | 2555 | 978 | 2397 | 1658 | 1882 | 1659 | 860 | 2748 | 2402 | 2403 | 2404 | 2749 | 1018 | 2726 | 2727 | 1084 | 2405 | 1883 | 671 | 2411 | 2413 | 2414 | 889 | 2921 | 2922 | 3125 | 3126 | 962 | 2415 | 1001 | 567 | 3107 | 3108 | 2420 | 2421 | 1120 | 3163 | 3164 | 1710 | 563 | 2586 | 2587 | 2514 | 3058 | 3059 | 915 | 1889 | 1890 | 2610 | 2611 | 2423 | 2422 | 1891 | 2643 | 1755 | 1002 | 2425 | 2426 | 1563 | 1518 | 1487 | 1894 | 1895 | 2427 | 574 | 2428 | 2639 | 2816 | 944 | 2817 | 967 | 2984 | 2429 | 3120 | 3122 | 3121 | 1611 | 646 | 2934 | 2933 | 918 | 2438 | 2352 | 2353 | 221 | 223 | 1003 | 2441 | 2445 | 1025 | 1904 | 1905 | 2446 | 2447 | 590 | 2640 | 1906 | 1907 | 2452 | 988 | 2755 | 2756 | 1105 | 2456 | 2455 | 584 | 1510 | 2430 | 2457 | 1685 | 2459 | 1664 | 1162 | 1727 | 1918 | 2644 | 638 | 2464 | 1937 | 1936 | 1938 | 1939 | 2677 | 2678 | 991 | 1940 | 851 | 1946 | 1947 | 1897 | 2544 | 1951 | 2546 | 1899 | 1898 | 1950 | 2545 | 562 | 1955 | 1956 | 2899 | 2900 | 2276 | 1958 | 1961 | 2941 | 2942 | 2943 | 717 | 1962 | 1963 | 685 | 2052 | 2053 | 2553 | 2554 | 1967 | 2592 | 1968 | 2396 | 2375 | 1876 | 2374 | 886 | 2476 | 2477 | 842 | 3105 | 3106 | 3001 | 3003 | 3002 | 2700 | 3019 | 1109 | 3018 | 2701 | 3020 | 3158 | 3159 | 3160 | 1979 | 3150 | 3151 | 3152 | 855 | 2940 | 2939 | 2930 | 2931 | 2932 | 830 | 1730 | 2616 | 1989 | 2617 | 1511 | 2593 | 3082 | 3083 | 3084 | 729 | 3085 | 3086 | 1618 | 2746 | 2747 | 2494 | 2495 | 854 | 2929 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1711 | 1502 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 2821 | 740 | 2466 | 2467 | 2691 | 2004 | 863 | 2007 | 2481 | 2482 | 1781 | 1626 | 1087 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 1712 | 2735 | 2736 | 3041 | 3042 | 1752 | 1082 | 2381 | 2674 | 2483 | 2014 | 2015 | 2488 | 2489 | 2016 | 2655 | 2268 | 2269 | 1043 | 2485 | 1044 | 2629 | 1005 | 2019 | 2018 | 2752 | 2753 | 2754 | 660 | 2486 | 1601 | 2487 | 1064 | 2067 | 2068 | 905 | 1621 | 2072 | 2073 | 2075 | 1512 | 2077 | 2078 | 2080 | 2079 | 2081 | 2082 | 2083 | 1735 | 2046 | 738 | 2382 | 2383 | 2667 | 2668 | 2091 | 2096 | 2097 | 2101 | 2103 | 2104 | 3153 | 3154 | 3155 | 2106 | 2107 | 2108 | 686 | 2114 | 683 | 2116 | 421 | 2594 | 577 | 2624 | 807 | 568 | 2117 | 2214 | 1706 | 2118 | 2215 | 2120 | 2502 | 2503 | 2125 | 2126 | 867 | 2919 | 2920 | 2133 | 705 | 2134 | 2137 | 2138 | 1028 | 2737 | 2738 | 2141 | 2140 | 1676 | 2151 | 2152 | 875 | 2969 | 1636 | 1533 | 2623 | 1587 | 1668 | 2657 | 1578 | 1617 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 2159 | 2160 | 1696 | 1125 | 2656 | 3054 | 954 | 3024 | 2509 | 2161 | 2162 | 928 | 715 | 246 | 362 | 942 | 894 | 947 | 885 | 822 | 969 | 166 | 1038 | 604 | 895 | 1037 | 869 | 1077 | 959 | 976 | 862 | 1104 | 1000 | 897 | 222 | 838 | 960 | 609 | 585 | 899 | 926 | 608 | 887 | 666 | 835 | 900 | 589 | 261 | 76 | 79 | 167 | 1050 | 1107 | 936 | 258 | 1027 | 59 | 1029 | 982 | 983 | 625 | 1079 | 1047 | 881 | 914 | 985 | 1014 | 597 | 583 | 929 | 1015 | 1094 | 616 | 1072 | 1081 | 998 | 817 | 874 | 818 | 999 | 882 | 1024 | 821 | 612 | 801 | 241 | 825 | 1030 | 1052 | 1048 | 891 | 865 | 852 | 864 | 1083 | 916 | 925 | 994 | 996 | 1036 | 846 | 1041 | 917 | 554 | 949 | 938 | 1085 | 850 | 970 | 980 | 950 | 1004 | 606 | 582 | 819 | 820 | 620 | 989 | 935 | 866 | 990 | 843 | 1042 | 973 | 957 | 904 | 610 | 1031 | 828 | 1026 | 804 | 815 | 1040 | 1063 | 1065 | 1034 | 796 | 594 | 1066 | 1009 | 930 | 1056 | 829 | 848 | 943 | 1076 | 614 | 576 | 834 | 884

URL: G2934Y variations for fired hardness, COE adjustment, less crawling, etc

Click the link below to go to this page

https://insight-live.com/insight/share.php?z=y9rvvqsPy4

G2934Y is a popular recipe used worldwide in industry and by potters and hobbyist. This page shows it, and four variations, that adjust for different purposes. All have the same chemistry, but source the needed oxides from different materials.

Related Information

Matte cone 6 glazes have identical chemistry but one melts more. Why?

These are 10 gram GBMF test balls that we melted on porcelain tiles at cone 4 (top two) and cone 6 (bottom two). They compare the melt fluidity of G2934 (left) and G2934Y (right). The Y version sources its MgO from frit and talc (rather than dolomite). It is a much more fluid melt because the frit is yielding the oxides more readily. But Y has a key benefit: It has a much lower LOI, producing fewer entrained air bubbles and therefore fewer surface defects. And, even though it runs much more, it has the same matte surface! As long as it is applied at normal thickness, the extra melt fluidity does not cause any running. And it has another benefit: Less cutlery marking issues. It is actually a very durable and practical food surface glaze, having a low thermal expansion that fits almost any body. Although these appear glossy here, on ware they have the identical pleasant silky matte surface.

Melt fluidity differences are not obvious by just comparing glazed ware

The glaze on two porcelain mugs looks the same, but the melt flow is very different

These two Plainsman M370 mugs were fired at cone 6, the left one with G2934 matte glaze, the right one with G2934Y4 matte. They look and feel identical in the hand. The two glazes have the same chemistry. But they employ different materials to source that chemistry. The secret of of the matteness is high MgO (magnesia content). In the glaze on the left that MgO is sourced by dolomite, a lot of it. The glaze on the right sources it from a special frit, Ferro 3249. The impact of this difference is visible in the melt flows, the fritted one is obviously melting and flowing better. On other clays, especially stonewares, the G2934 can have a dry surface that cutlery marks. Thicker applications make it worse. But the Y version exhibits no such issues. Its mattness, durability, cleanability and hardness are so good that it is being used in floor tile.

Crawling in G2934Y zircon white glaze: There are simple fixes

A matte glazed G2934Y mug where the glaze has crawled on the upper handle join

G2934Y is a fabulous base glaze but it is not without issues. It has significant clay content in the recipe and high levels of Al2O3 in the chemistry, these make it susceptible to crawling. While it is normally fine as is, when you add certain stains to color it (especially at significant percentages) or opacify it using zircon (this has 10%), it can become more susceptible to crawling. On this mug, the glaze layer thickens at the recess of the handle join, that produces crawling during firing. Crawling can also happen on the insides of mugs, where wall and foot meet at a sharp angle. This happens, both because the glaze cracked here during drying and because the zircon stiffens the melt, making it less mobile. Rounding such contours will help. Even better, adjust the glaze recipe so it shrinks a little less on drying (by trading 5% of the raw kaolin for calcined). Adding a little CMC gum (e.g. 0.1-0.2%) will make it adhere better.

Links

Recipes G2934Y - Cone 6 Magnesia Matte Low LOI Version
The same chemistry as the widely used G2934 but the MgO is sourced from a frit and talc instead of dolomite. It has a finer surface, less cutlery marking and staining.
Recipes G2934 - Matte Glaze Base for Cone 6
A base MgO matte glaze recipe fires to a hard utilitarian surface and has very good working properties. Blend in the glossy if it is too matte.

Tell Us How to Improve This Page

Or ask a question and we will alter this page to better answer it.
Note: During the period May 10-25, 2021 many messages from here were falsely being flagged spam, if you did not get an answer please try again.

Email Address

Name

Subject

Message


CAPTCHA



https://digitalfire.com, All Rights Reserved
Privacy Policy