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GR6-A - Ravenscrag Cone 6 Clear Glossy Base

Modified: 2019-03-15 09:32:12

This Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip base is just the pure material with 20% added frit to make it melt to a glossy natural clear.

Material Amount
Ravenscrag Slip50.00
Ravenscrag Slip 1000F Roast30.00
Ferro Frit 313420.00
100.00

Notes

This is the base cone 6 Ravenscrag recipe, it fires as a transparent glossy. It has an addition of the most common North American borate frit, enough to produce a good glass at cone 6. Most other glazes based on Ravenscrag use this as a starting point (although they might substitute the frit for another).

The character of this is not the same as transparent glazes made from materials like feldspar, kaolin, silica, wollastonite and frit. This is a natural clay material having some iron content and particles you can feel (up to 42 mesh). So it forms a less sterile glaze, one having some variegation, fine speckle and slight blush or amber coloration. It is most glossy at a complete cone 6 (for a lower temperature you may need to increase the frit a little).

As a transparent, this glaze it is best suited for use on light-burning stonewares (e.g. Plainsman M340). On whiter porcelains it will not fire to a sufficiently transparent glass. For porcelains or white stonewares consider using G2926B or G3806C instead. On darker clay bodies this recipe may fire too cloudy. Is has a low enough thermal expansion to fit most bodies, but if it does craze consider substituting the Ferro Frit 3195.

As noted, this is a base recipe, well suited to additions of opacifiers, variegators and colors. Add zircopax to get a white (about 10%). The white produced will be somewhat variegated (non toilet-bowl-like). For variation-with-thickness, to highlight edges of contours, use a lower percentage of zircopax. For even better variegation, add some titanium dioxide (1-2% to a mix already containing 6-8 zircopax). Add colorants and variegators (with or without opacifier). If colorant additions affect melt fluidity, add or reduce the frit content to compensate.

If it cracks during drying, increase the roast clay at the expense of raw clay.

Glazes having a high percentage of Ravenscrag Slip are most often prepared using the traditional method of simply adding water until the preferred viscosity is achieved (the material has inherent properties that produce functional slurries for dipping). Control of drying shrinkage and slurry character is achieved by varying the proportion roast and raw powder in the recipe. For us, a weight ratio of 80 water to 100 powder (2000 water for 2.5kg of powder) produces a 1.5-specific-gravity slurry that, although fairly runny, gives the right thickness on 1-2 second dip on 1850F bisque-ware (there is some dripping, but coverage is even and it is quick drying). This recipe actually does not respond to flocculant additions that gel traditional mineral-blend glazes to a thixotropic state.

Related Information

Roasting Ravenscrag Slip instead of calcining

A bisque fired container of roasted Ravenscrap Slip powder

This is the Ravenscrag Slip I used to calcine at it 1850F (about 10lbs in a bisque vessel). I am now roasting it to 1000F instead, this produces a smoother powder, less gritty. I hold it for 2 hours at 1000F to make sure the heat penetrates. It is not actually calcining, since not all crystal water is expelled, so we call it "roasting". Why do this? Ravenscrag Slip is a clay, it shrinks. If the percentage is high enough the glaze can crack on drying (especially when applied thickly). The roast does not shrink. The idea is to tune a mix of raw and roast Ravenscrag to achieve a compromise between dry hardness and low shrinkage. Technically, Ravenscrag losses 3% of its weight on roasting so I should use 3% less. But I often swap them gram-for-gram.

Ravenscrag Slip at cone 5R and 10R

Cone 5 GR6-A glaze at cone 5R on Plainsman M340 (left) and pure Ravenscrag Slip at cone 10R on H550 (right).

Ravenscrag Slip transparent and Alberta Slip blue glazes by Tony Hansen

The mug is the buff stoneware Plainsman M340. Firing is cone 6. On the inside is the GR6-A Ravenscrag transparent base glaze. The outside glaze is GA6-C Alberta Slip rutile blue on the outside. The transparent, although slightly amber in color compared to a frit-based transparent, does look better on buff burning stoneware bodies this.

Cone 5R mug with GR6-A Ravenscrag glaze

Emulating a speckled reduction fired stoneware in oxidation

The body is Plainsman M340S. Cone 6. Left to right: G1214Z calcium matte base glaze with 6% titanium dioxide added. GR6-A Ravenscrag base with 10% zircopax (zircon). G2926B glossy transparent base with 10% zircon (this one produces the white "Kohler Toilet Bowl" appearance we are seeking to better). G2934Y silky magnesia matte base with 10% zircon.

Links

Firing Schedules Plainsman Cone 6 Electric Standard
Used in the Plainsman lab to fire clay test bars in our small kilns
Recipes GA6-A - Alberta Slip Cone 6 Amber Base Glaze
An amber-colored glaze that produces a clean, micro bubble free transparent glass on brown and red burning stonewares.
Recipes GR6-M - Ravenscrag Cone 6 Floating Blue
Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip based version of the popular floating blue recipe. It can be found among others at http://ravenscrag.com.
Recipes GR6-D - Ravenscrag Cone 6 Glossy Black
Recipes GR6-E - Ravenscrag Cone 6 Raspberry Glossy
A chrome-tin burgundy glaze using the Ravenscrag cone 6 base recipe.
Recipes GR6-N - Ravenscrag Alberta Brilliant Cone 6 Celadon
Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip based glaze. It can be found among others at http://ravenscrag.com.
Recipes GR6-H - Ravenscrag Cone 6 Oatmeal Matte
Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip glaze. See more at ravenscrag.com.
Recipes GR6-F - Ravenscrag Cone 6 High Alumina Matte
Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip based glaze. It can be found among others at http://ravenscrag.com.
Recipes G3806C - Cone 6 Clear Fluid-Melt Clear Base Glaze
A base fluid-melt glaze recipe developed by Tony Hansen. With colorant additions it forms reactive melts that variegate and run. It is more resistant to crazing than others.
Recipes G2926B - Cone 6 Whiteware/Porcelain Transparent Base Glaze
A base transparent glaze recipe created by Tony Hansen for Plainsman Clays, it fires high gloss and ultra clear with low melt mobility.
Recipes GR6-L - Ravenscrag Cone 6 Transparent Burgundy
A stain-based method to achieve this color using the Ravenscrag base recipe.
Recipes GR6-C - Ravenscrag Cone 6 White Glossy
Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip based white glossy glaze. It can be found among others at http://ravenscrag.com.
Typecodes Ravenscrag Slip Recipes
Recipes based on Ravenscrag Slip from Plainsman Clays.
Typecodes Medium Temperature Glaze Recipes
Normally fired at cone 5-7 in electric kilns.
Typecodes Transparent Glaze Recipe
Transparent recipes can be difficult to develop because entrained bubbles, crystals and crazing are not hidden by color and opacity. In addition, they must be well melted to give good results. Generally transparent recipes are sought after as liner glazes or bases to which to add opacifiers and colors. Typically work is required to match a transparent glaze to a specific clay body.

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By Tony Hansen


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