|Monthly Tech-Tip |
Modified: 2016-09-30 22:54:05
Plainsman Cone 6 Ravenscrag Slip based glaze. It can be found among others at http://ravenscrag.com.
|Ferro Frit 3134||11.00|
This works well on Plainsman M340, but especially on a whiteware like M370. Produces an ivory white with some fleck. The surface is very silky, reminiscent of a cone 10 dolomite matte. Its matteness is adjustable by varying the amount of calcined kaolin (or simply blending in a glossy recipe to shine it up a little). The mechanism of the matteness is high MgO in a boron base of low Si:Al ratio.
Do not use regular kaolin, the glaze will shrink too much during drying.
Use enough water in the slurry so it flows well, it will apply very evenly without drips. If there is not enough water and the slurry is too creamy, it will crack during drying and crawl during firing. Calcine part of the Ravenscrag to reduce the shrinkage if needed.
The tin oxide is included to whiten and opacify the glaze, if you remove it the color will be quite a bit darker, especially on darker clay bodies (Ravenscrag contains some iron). The 1.5 wollastonite is a remnant of how this glaze was created; it started as Moores Matte, a well known Gerstley Borate based matte recipe. We first reformulated it to substitute the GB for a frit (while maintaining the same chemistry) and then incorporated Ravenscrag Slip to supply as much of the rest of the chemistry as possible. A further adjustment was made to make the surface more silky. The silky matte G2934 followed this, it being a cleaner, whiter variant having no Ravenscrag but the same fired surface.
Since this has some iron, colouring it with stains could produce more muddied colours than you might want. Consider using the G2934 base instead if needed.
Left: Ravenscrag G2928C matte liner glaze on inside of mug. Right: A clear glossy. The matte needs to be soaked in the kiln long enough to make sure it develops a functional surface, especially on the bottom. Mattes are not always the best choice for food surfaces, but you can do it if you blend in enough glossy glaze to make it smooth enough not to cutlery mark.
Cone 6 Ravenscrag Silky Matte on Plainsman M340 (left) and M370 (right). The inside of the M370 mug is a transparent glossy. This recipe produces a silky ivory-coloured surface of very good quality. Go to Ravenscrag.com for more info.
These are two cone 6 matte glazes (shown side by side in an account at Insight-live). G1214Z is high calcium and a high silica:alumina ratio. It crystallizes during cooling to make the matte effect and the degree of matteness is adjustable by trimming the silica content (but notice how much it runs). The G2928C has high MgO and it produces the classic silky matte by micro-wrinkling the surface, its matteness is adjustable by trimming the calcined kaolin. CaO is a standard oxide that is in almost all glazes, 0.4 is not high for it. But you would never normally see more than 0.3 of MgO in a cone 6 glaze (if you do it will likely be unstable). The G2928C also has 5% tin, if that was not there it would be darker than the other one because Ravenscrag Slip has a little iron. This was made by recalculating the Moore's Matte recipe to use as much Ravenscrag Slip as possible yet keep the overall chemistry the same. This glaze actually has texture like a dolomite matte at cone 10R, it is great. And it has wonderful application properties. And it does not craze, on Plainsman M370 (it even survived a 300F-to-ice water IWCT test). This looks like it could be a great liner glaze.
G2934 - Matte Glaze Base for Cone 6
A base MgO matte glaze recipe fires to a hard utilitarian surface and has very good working properties. Blend in the glossy if it is too matte.
G1214Z - Cone 6 Silky Matte
This glaze was born as a demonstration of how to use chemistry to convert a glossy cone 6 glaze into a matte.
GR10-C - Ravenscrag Cone 10R Silky Talc Matte
Just Ravenscrag Slip plus 10% talc produces a visually variegated surface that feels silky and looks stunning!
Random material mixes that melt well overwhelmingly want to be glossy, creating a matte glaze that is also functional is not an easy task.
Dolomite matte glazes have the potential to be very silky and pleasant to the touch, while at the same time being hard, durable and non-crazed (if they are formulated correctly).
How I Formulated a Cone 6 Silky Matte Glaze Using Insight-Live
I will show you how found a recipe on Facebook, assessed it, substituted my own materials, tested it, adjusted it. Now it is like a cone 10 dolomite matte.
Medium Temperature Glaze Recipes
Normally fired at cone 5-7 in electric kilns.
Matte Glaze Recipes
Much less common that glossy glazes, normally have stricter firing requirements.
Plainsman Cone 6 Electric Standard
Used in the Plainsman lab to fire clay test bars in our small kilns
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