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Insight-Live Shares (also referencing this recipe)

These add technical detail, development info, variations and improvements.

G2571A - Cone 10 Silky Dolomite Matte glaze

Modified: 2023-07-22 15:00:50

A cone 10R dolomite matte having a pleasant silky surface, it does not cutlery mark, stain or craze on common bodies

Material Amount
Custer Feldspar28.50
Gerstley Borate4.00


A standard Plainsman Clays cone 10R dolomite matte glaze used for many years. Colorants and opacifiers can be added to create a wide range of beautiful classic earthy reduction effects. The bamboo effect, made by the addition of 3.5 rutile and 10 Zircopax, is probably the most popular.

Many dolomite (or talc) matte glazes do not have a proper chemistry balance and do not melt to a stable glass; crazing, cutlery marking and staining are common problems. This one, by contrast, has a very silky surface yet exhibits none of these problems. An alternative recipe (but very similar chemistry) using Ravenscrag Slip is also available.

If you do not have Gerstley Borate or Wollastonite it is pretty easy to alter the recipe to source CaO calcium carbonate (instead of wollastonite) and B2O3 from a frit instead of GB.

Click the link above to see more detail about this recipe at

Related Information

A tin oxide addition improves the visual character of a cone 10R bamboo

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This is the G2571A base dolomite matte recipe. The specimen on the left adds 4% tin and 1% iron oxide. The one on the right has 4% tin oxide and 0.5% iron oxide.

Two G2571A Bamboo versions: With iron, rutile-zircopax

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These mugs are Plainsman H450 fired at cone 10R. Both have a black engobe (L3954N) applied to the insides and half way down the outside during leather hard stage (the insides are glazed with Ravenscrag silky matte and G1947U over the black engobe). The bamboo glazes can thus be seen over the black (upper half) and the raw buff body (lower). The bamboo glaze on the left has 1% iron added to the base G2571A recipe. The one on the right has 3.5% powdered rutile and 10% zircopax added.

G2571A bamboo matte on the left is better, it does not stain

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A pottery mug has a glaze the stains easily

These mugs are Plainsman H443. The bamboo glaze on the left (A) has 3.5% rutile and 10% Zircopax added to the base G2571A dolomite matte. The one on the right (B) has the same addition but in a base having slightly less MgO and slightly more KNaO. B stains badly (as can be seen from the felt marker residue that could not be removed using lacquer thinner). Why does A stain only slightly? It has an additional 4% Gerstley Borate (GB). GB is a powerful flux that develops the glass better, making the surface more silky. The differences in the recipe provide another advantage: (A) has a lower thermal expansion and is less likely to craze.

Adding Zircopax to G2571A dolomite matte

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On the left: G2571A dolomite matte fired at cone 10R. Right: 10% Zircopax has been added. Both are on a buff stoneware (H550 from Plainsman Clays).

G2571 Cone 10R silky matte glazed mug

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The inside is pure Ravenscrag Slip. The clay is Plainsman H550.

G2571A at cone 10R with a cobalt and chrome addition

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This is G2571A cone 10R dolomite matte glaze with added 1% cobalt oxide, 0.2% chrome oxide. The porcelain is Plainsman P700, the inside glaze is a Ravenscrag Slip clear. This base is very resistant to crazing on most bodies and it does not cutlery mark or stain. It also has very good application properties.

The titanium/stain mechanism at cone 10R

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An eye-popping red variegated cone 10R mug

These are porcelain and stoneware mugs. The glaze is G2571D (based on the fritted G2571B version of G2571A). This project started with calculations to source boron from a frit (instead of Gerstley Borate), MgO from talc and a frit (instead of dolomite). These moves enabled eliminating raw silica from the recipe. This produced a finer silky texture and better melt fluidity (for hosting colors). Adding rutile and zircopax produced a great bamboo. But what about variegating using titanium instead of rutile (it contains no iron so colors should be brighter)? Jackpot with this red stain! The titanium has done it's job even a little too well. Cobalt and titanium also worked.

Multiple kinds of glaze variegation

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The inside glaze of this cone 10 reduction fired mug is a base transparent glossy, G1947U. It has no additives to color, opacify or variegate it. That being said, the speckled body is making for a more interesting aesthetic on that inside surface. The outside glaze is a far different story. It is a base - a silky matte, G2571A. But it has additions of 3% titanium dioxide and 6% Mason 6021 red stain (this version is numbered G2571D). Of course the red coloration is from the stain. But the titanium is making the visual magic here, it is both an opacifier and a variegator. It is clearly producing phase changes and crystallization. One of the glass phases is redder and more transparent (the brighter red spots). Another phase is a much lighter opaque pink.

G2571A at 1.75 specific gravity still works, but goes on very, very thick

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Do not use this glaze unless the specific gravity is optimal. For bisque ware, that will be about 1.43-1.45 (and flocculated to gel slightly). If the SG is too high it will go on too thick. If it is too low, it will shrink too much during drying (and likely cause crawling).

The effect a cone 10R iron stoneware imposes on G2571A matte glaze

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This bamboo glaze (made by adding 4% tin and 1% iron oxide (left) and 0.5% iron oxide (right) to the G2571A base recipe) amplifies the iron speckle in the body beneath (Plainsman H443). Unfortunately this looks good and but is not very functional. The body is quite porous (5% water absorption), this is necessary for the mottled brown visual effect.

15 inch reduction fired bowl by Tony Hansen

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Made in 1982. Clay is Plainsman H443 fired at cone 10R. Glaze is G2571A with 0.25% chrome oxide, 1.0% cobalt oxide and 0.25% manganese granular.

G2571C rutile blue cone 10R glaze on stoneware

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Cone 10R rutile blue glaze on a buff stoneware

The clay is Plainsman H550 buff stoneware. The cone 10R firing schedule was C10RPL. The inside glaze is G1947U. 4% titanium and 0.5% cobalt oxide have been added to the base G2571A recipe. This G2571C thus inherits all the good properties of that parent base glaze.

Duplicating the G2571A dolomite matte using a Ravenscrag Slip based recipe

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GR10-J Ravenscrag silky matte (right) and G2571A matte (left) on a dark burning iron speckled stoneware at cone 10R. The surfaces have identical feel (the chemistries are very close). The former fires a little darker color because of the iron contributed by the Ravenscrag Slip.


Firing Schedules Plainsman Cone 10R Firing
Six-step oxidize-at-end schedule to 2372F
Recipes G1947U - Cone 10 Glossy transparent glaze
Reliable widely used glaze for cone 10 porcelains and whitewares. The original recipe was developed from a glaze used for porcelain insulators.
Recipes GR10-J - Ravenscrag Cone 10R Dolomite Matte
Plainsman Cone 10R Ravenscrag Slip based glaze. It can be found among others at
Glossary Phase Separation
Phase separation is a phenomenon that occurs in transparent ceramic glazes. Discontinuities in the internal glass matrix affect clarity and color.
Glossary Bamboo Glaze
A high temperature reduction glaze made by adding a small amount of iron oxide to a magnesia matte base glaze
Glossary Matte Glaze
Random material mixes that melt well overwhelmingly want to be glossy, creating a matte glaze that is also functional is not an easy task.
Glossary Base Glaze
Understand your a glaze and learn how to adjust and improve it. Build others from that. We have bases for low, medium and high fire.
Articles Concentrate on One Good Glaze
It is better to understand and have control of one good base glaze than be at the mercy of dozens of imported recipes that do not work. There is a lot more to being a good glaze than fired appearance.
Media Use Insight-live to substitute materials in a recipe
We will substitute wollastonite for whiting and a frit for Gerstley borate in the G2571A cone 10 matte while maintaining the chemistry of the original recipe.
G2571 Dolomite matte recipe at

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