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Potassium Carbonate Toxicity

Identification and uses
:


 

CAS number : 584-08-7

Molecular formula : K2CO3

 

Uses and emission sources
:


-Manufacture of organic and inorganic
materials.


-Ceramics

 

Toxicology
:




 

This product is absorbed by the
respiratory and digestive tracts.


 

I-Acute Effects :

Irritation and corrosion of the skin,
the eyes, the respiratory and digestive tracts.


 

Eyes :

It causes ocular irritation. It causes
an irritating and caustic effect similar to that of potassium
hydroxide.


 

Skin :

It causes an irritating and caustic
effect similar to that of potassium hydroxide.


 

Ingestion :

It can cause severe irritation of the
gastro-intestinal tract with nausea, vomiting and burns. Harmful
by ingestion.


 

Inhalation :

It causes irritation of the respiratory
tract.


 

II-Chronic Effects :

No known effects.

 

Effects on Development :


 

A study of several animal species
suggests an absence of effects on antenatal development.




 

Effects on Reproduction
:


 

No data concerning the effects on
reproduction has been found in the consulted documentary sources.


Data on mother's milk: There is no data
pertaining to its excretion or detection in milk.


 

Cancinogenic Effects :


 

No data concerning a cancerogenic effect
has been found in the consulted documentary sources.


 

Mutagenic Effects :


 

Available data do not make it possible
to make an adequate evaluation of its mutagenic effect.


 

First aid
:


 

I-Ocular Contact : COLOR=3D"#004080">

Abundantly rinse the eyes with water
during at least 15 minutes and see a doctor.


 

II-Skin Contact :

Quickly withdraw contaminated clothing.
Rinse skin with much water. Consult a doctor.


 

III-Ingestion :

In the case of ingestion, make the
person drink water, do not induce vomiting, call a doctor.


 

IV-Inhalation : COLOR=3D"#004080">

In the case of inhalation of vapors or
dust, bring the person into a ventilated place. If he does not
breathe, give artificial respiration. Call a doctor.


 

Handling :


 

Wash yourself well after use. Minimize
the production of dust and its accumulation. Avoid contact with
the eyes, skin and clothing. Avoid ingesting and inhaling. Use
adequate ventilation.


 

Storage :


 

Store in a tightly closed container, in
a cool, dry, well ventilated room away from incompatible
materials.


 

 

References :



1-Occupational Medicine,Carl Zenz,
last edition.


2-Clinical Environmental Health and
Toxic Exposures, Sullivan & Krieger; last edition.


3-Sax's Dangerous Properties of
Industrial Materials, Lewis C., last edition.


4-Toxicologie Industrielle et
Intoxications Professionnelles, Lauwerys R.R. last
edition.


5-Chemical Hazards of the Workplace,
Proctor & Hughes, 4th edition

Related Information

Links

Typecodes Article by Edouard Bastarache
Edouard Bastarache is a well known doctor that has written many articles on the subject of toxicity of ceramic materials and books on technical aspects of ceramics. He writes in both English and French.
Materials Pearl Ash
Materials Potassium Nitrate
URLs http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc15/icsc1588.htm
Potassium Carbonate at ilo.org

By Edouard Bastarache


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