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03DSFF - Cone 03 Fast Fire
04DSDH - Low Temperature Drop-and-Hold
BQ1000 - Plainsman Electric Bisque Firing Schedule

C10RPL - Plainsman Cone 10R Firing
C6DHSC - Plainsman Cone 6 Slow Cool (Reactive glazes)
C6MSGL1 - Mastering Glazes Cone 6
C6PLST - Plainsman Cone 6 Electric Standard
FSCG1 - Shimbo Crystal Schedule 1
FSCGB1 - Bory 1 Fara Shimbo Crystalline Glaze
FSCGCL - Celestite
FSCGWM - Wollast-O-Matte Fara Shimbo Crystalline Glaze
FSCRGL - GC106 Base for Crystalline Glazes
FSHP1 - Shimbo Crystal Holding Pattern 1
FSHP2 - Shimbo Crystal Holding Pattern 2
FSHP3 - Shimbo Crystal Holding Pattern 3
FSNM5 - Fa's Number Five
PLC6CR - Cone 6 Crystal Glaze Plainsman
PLC6DS - Cone 6 Drop-and-Soak Firing Schedule

C04PLTP Firing Schedule

Plainsman Typical Cone 04

In the Plainsman lab we use this for firing glazed ware at low temperatures. We never use the built-in programs on kiln controllers because this schedule gives better results. We never fire cone 06, glazes simply do not melt as well as they do at 05 and cone 04. If you are firing to cone 05, then your top temp will be 1860 and the drop-and-hold temp will be 1760. Fire 04 if you can, the results are best there.

The slower approach at the end is important to even out the kiln chamber, that is why a longer hold is not needed at top temperature. The drop-and-hold is important, this helps heal pinholes and blisters. The cool is freefall. Your rate-of-fall may be quite different than ours, depending on how well your kiln is insulated and how heavily it is loaded.

Step °C °F Hold Time
1 55°C/hr to 121C  100°F/hr to 250F  60min 2:45 Water smoking step
2 194°C/hr to 1004C  350°F/hr to 1840F  0 7:17 As fast as your ware can tolerate
3 55°C/hr to 1060C  100°F/hr to 1940F  5min 8:22 Slow approach to top
4 500°C/hr to 1004C  900°F/hr to 1840F  30min 8:59 Drop and hold
5 0°C/hr to 23C  0°F/hr to 75F    8:59  
Start temperature assumed: 25°C or 75°F
100°F is 37°C, but 100 fahrenheit degrees is 55 celsius degrees, that is an important distinction to understand the above temperature conversions.

Related Information

Program your firings manually, calibrate the final temperature using cones

Here is an example of our lab firing schedule for cone 10 oxidation (which the cone-fire mode does not do correctly). To actually go to cone 10 we need to manually create a program that fires higher than the built in cone-fire one. Determining how high to go is a matter repeated firings verified using a self supporting cone (regular cones are not accurate). In our lab we keep notes in the schedule record in our account at And we have a chart on the wall showing the latest temperature for each of the cones we fire to. What about cone 6? Controllers fire it to 2235, we put down a cone at 2200!

How many degrees between these cone positions?

Two orton cones, one bent to 6 oclock, the other 4 oclock.

I was consistently getting the cone on the left when using a custom-programmed firing schedule to 2204F (for cone 6 with ten minute hold). However Orton recommends that the tip of the self supporting cone should be even with the top of the base (they consider the indicating part of the cone to be the part above the base). So I adjusted the program to finish at 2200F and got the cone on the right. But note: This applies to that kiln at that point in time (with that pyrometer and that firing schedule). Our other test kiln bends the cone to 5 o'clock at 2195F. Since kiln controllers fire cone 6 at 2230 (for the built-in one-button firings) your kiln is almost certainly over firing!


Recipes G2853B - Cone 04 Clear Ravenscrag School Glaze
A Ravenscrag Slip base made by simply mixing it 50:50 with a frit
Firing Schedules Plainsman Electric Bisque Firing Schedule
Three-step to 1832F
Typecodes Oxidation Firing

By Tony Hansen

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