Glaze Melt Flow - GLFL
This test procedure was employed in the Foresight Ceramic Database and now is available for those having an account at Insight-Live.com. Accumulating test data using the variables defined in these procedures enables us to create tools that enable you to compare the physical properties of materials and recipes.
Melt fluidity is very difficult to judge from simple observation on glazed ware or samples. Knowing the melt fluidity of a glaze is very important in maintaining consistency, duplicating and understanding it. Knowing how a material melts is important to knowing how to use it in your process. This test requires a special mold to cast flow testers.
LEN - Length (V)
Suggested units are cm
NOTE - Note (V)
Characterize the flow noting bubbling, blistering, matting, crawling, etc.
Melt flow tester used to compare feldspars
Fired to cone 10 oxidation. Although feldspar is a key melter in high and medium temperature glazes, by itself it does not melt as much as one might expect.
G1215U vs. G1215W glaze flow test
These recipes have the same chemistry but the 1215U uses frit to source the MgO and CaO. This demonstrates that it is not just chemistry that determines melt flow. Raw materials are crystalline and have different melting patterns than frits (which have already been melted and reground).
Melt fluidity of Albany Slip vs. Alberta Slip at cone 10R
Albany Slip was a pure mined material, Alberta Slip is a recipe of mined materials and refined minerals designed to have the same chemistry, firing behavior and raw physical appearance.
Testing the new brand of dolomite
Dolomite is a key material for glazes, especially mattes. When you are forced to adopt a new brand it needs to be tested. Here, three tests were done to compare the old long-time-use material (IMASCO Sirdar) with a new one (LHoist Dolowhite). The first flow test is a very high dolomite cone 6 recipe formulated for this purpose; the new material runs a little more. The second is G2934 cone 6 MgO matte with 5% black stain; the new material runs a little less here. The third test is the high dolomite glaze on a dark burning clay to see the translucency and compare the surface character. They are very close. It looks like it is going to be OK. Does your supplier test new materials when they are forced to switch suppliers?
Glaze melt fluidity comparison between G2931F and fritted G2931K show the effect of LOI
These two glazes have the same chemistry but different recipes. The F gets its boron from Ulexite, and Ulexite has a high LOI (it generates gases during firing, notice that these gases have affected the downward flow during melting). The frit-based version on the right flows cleanly and contains almost no bubbles. At high and medium temperatures potters seldom have bubble issues with glazes. This is not because they do not occur, it is because the appearance of typical glaze types are not affected by bubbles (and infact are often enhanced by them). But at low temperatures potters usually want to achieve good clarity in transparents and brilliance in a colors, so they find themselves in the same territory as the ceramic industry. An important way to do this is by using more frits (and the right firing schedules).
Stains added to a glaze can change its melt fluidity
At the top if a melt-flow ball of a cone 6 satin matte glaze, G2934. Top: G2934 with normal flow Left: 8% 6213 Hemlock Green. Needs significant flux. Right: 8% 6385 Pansy Purple stain. Flowing a little less, needs a little flux.
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