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Frit Softening Point - GSPT

This test procedure was employed in the Foresight Ceramic Database and now is available for those having an account at Insight-Live.com. Accumulating test data using the variables defined in these procedures enables us to create tools that enable you to compare the physical properties of materials and recipes.


This almost always refers to frits which soften and melt over a fairly wide temperature range (most raw materials melt over a much narrower range). The softening point is the temperature at which the material begins to move, no longer exhibiting the properties of a solid. This property is normally quoted on frit data sheets (see ASTM C-24). Theoretically feldspars, for example, melt in a similar fashion, but manufacturers would never normally quote this property.

The softening point of a glass can be determined by examining the curve produced by a dilatometer. The line (representing increasing thermal expansion) climbs as temperature increases, going through the transition point (and accompanying steepening of the curve) to the softening point. This point is the peak of the curve, after that the line drops off vertically and melting proceeds.


VAL - Value (V)

Temperature (specify C or F)

Simple dilatometric curve produced by a dilatometer

Simple dilatometric curve produced by a dilatometer

Dialometric chart produced by a dilatometer. The curve represents the increase in thermal expansion that occurs as a glass is heated. Changes in the direction of the curve are interpreted as the transformation (or transition) temperature, set point and softening point (often quoted on frit data sheets). When the thermal expansion of a material is quoted as one number (on a data sheet), it is derived from this chart. Since the chart is almost never a straight line one can appreciate that the number is only an approximation of the thermal expansion profile of the material.

Out Bound Links

  • (Tests) PCE - Pyrometric Cone Equivalent
  • (Tests) MLRG - Frit Melting Range (C)
  • (Tests) GLFL - Glaze Melt Flow - Runway Test
  • (Glossary) Melt Fluidity

    Glazes become fluid when they melt, they are molten. The fluidity (or viscosity) of this melt needs to be considered, especially when troubleshooting problems. While two different fired glazes may appear to have melted a similar amount (even on a vertical surface), one may be radically more fluid th...

  • (Typecodes) 5: MTT - Material Tests
  • (Glossary) Frit

    A ceramic glass that has been premixed from raw powdered minerals and then melted, cooled by quenching in water, and ground into a fine powder (search youtube for interesting videos). Huge quantities and varieties of frits are manufactured for the ceramic industry every year (especially for tile) by...

  • (Tests) COLE - Co-efficient of Linear Expansion

In Bound Links

  • (Tests) IFP - I.F.P. (celsius)
  • (Tests) HMA - Heating Microscope Analysis for Frits
  • (Tests) GTTM - Glass Transition Temperature

By Tony Hansen

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