Low Fire Frit 3195 Glossy Transparent

Code: G1916Q
Modification Date: 2019-10-28 13:52:44

An expansion-adjustable cone 04-02 transparent glaze made using three common Ferro frits (low and high expansion) and a suspension strategy that produces an easy-to-use slurry.

Ferro Frit 319565.0
Ferro Frit 311020.0
Ferro Frit 32490.0
No. 5 Ball Clay15.0


This recipe contains a very high percentage of frit and thus has the potential to produce a super-transparent surface of high quality. It also has good application properties (if mixed properly, see below) and melts to a clear at cone 04-02. The high frit content also means it will fire to an equally good surface at all three cones. Although the glaze will melt also at cone 06 its bond with the body is poor at that low a temperature, it is much better to fire higher (cone 04 or 03). Additionally, this recipe is thermal-expansion-adjustable (using the method described below).

Frit 3195 is actually a complete glaze on its own (although it fires slightly silky rather than completely glossy). But it is middle-of-the-road for thermal expansion (an 85:15 frit:clay mix will shiver on some bodies and craze on others). We initially experienced shivering on our native clay talc bodies so incorporated another frit to make the recipe up-or-down expansion-adjustable.

To raise expansion (and fix shivering): Super-glossy Ferro Frit 3110. This recipe has Frit 3110:3195 ratio of 20:65 (while G1916R is 40:65). Of course, using too much Frit 3110 will induce crazing.

To reduce expansion (and fix crazing): Glossy Ferro Frit 3249. Although the amount is zero in this recipe, it is here as the expansion-down-adjustable option (use this instead of Frit 3110). For example, a 65:20 mix of 3195:3249 (G1916T) works on Plainsman Buffstone. Using too much will induce shivering.

This frit-juggling strategy affords a wide range of adjustment for tuning the fit to a body. Stress-test the fit by subjecting a piece of thin-walled ware to boiling-water-into-ice-water (and vice versa) immersion. This will reveal misfit that will happen with time (and if further adjustment is needed).

We have had some issues with clouding when it is applied thicker. Of course, the goal with a transparent glaze is to produce a crystal clear (without micro-bubble clouds). Low fire glazes are generally applied thinner than with stoneware, especially on white burning clays. To achieve this, try bisquing your ware higher (to get a less absorbent surface). Or try tuning the glaze viscosity and specific gravity to be able to apply it thinner and evenly. A very good way to do this is to gel the slurry a little (by flocculating it; see the thixotropy link below for more info).

If you do not mix this with the amount of water needed to make a creamy slurry it will apply too thick, too thin or unevenly.
This recipe employs ball clay, feel free to substitute a kaolin (we have used EPK). The 15% clay is plenty to suspend the slurry (added bentonite is not needed). The best slurries for pottery are gelled slightly so they hang on in a even layer without dripping. Achieving this is a matter of specific gravity and the addition of a small amount of vinegar or epsom salts (see the thixotropy link below).

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In Bound Links

XML to Paste Into Insight

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<recipe name="Low Fire Frit 3195 Glossy Transparent" keywords="An expansion-adjustable cone 04-02 transparent glaze made using three common Ferro frits (low and high expansion) and a suspension strategy that produces an easy-to-use slurry." id="122" date="2019-10-28" codenum="G1916Q">
<recipeline material="Ferro Frit 3195" amount="65.000" unitabbr="kg" conversion="1.0000" added="0"/>
<recipeline material="Ferro Frit 3110" amount="20.000" unitabbr="kg" conversion="1.0000" added="0"/>
<recipeline material="Ferro Frit 3249" amount="0.000" unitabbr="kg" conversion="1.0000" added="0"/>
<recipeline material="No. 5 Ball Clay" amount="15.000" unitabbr="kg" conversion="1.0000" added="0"/>
<url url="https://digitalfire.com/4sight/recipes/low_fire_frit_3195_glossy_transparent_122.html" descrip="Recipe page at digitalfire.com"/>

By Tony Hansen

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