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There are many different ways to achieve a ceramic slurry that will suspend. However to optimize flow, gel, suspension and other rheological properties requires a knowledge of the mechanism of each type of material that affects these properties.

  • Materials - CMC Gum

    Gum can act as a suspending agent by virtue of the fact that it thickens the slurry.

Flocculant

  • Materials - Epsom Salts

    Used to thicken glaze slurries.

Fritted glazes

  • Materials - Bentonite

    1-3% bentonite can greatly improve glaze suspension by geling it. In addition it will harden the dry layer. Coarser varieties can impart some glaze speck. If a glaze already contains more than 15% clay (kaolin, ball clay) you should not need more than 1% bentonite.

General

  • Materials - Acti-Gel 208

    An attapulgite clay.
  • Materials - Calcium Chloride

    Gels glaze slurries.
  • Materials - Ball Clay

    Ball clay is a fine particled clay that is universally used in glazes for suspension. If 15-20% is present no other suspender should be needed.
  • Materials - Kaolin

    Kaolin is the most common glaze suspender. Depending on the type of kaolin used, 15-20% should be enough. Many fritted glazes are composed solely of frit and kaolin. Some kaolins make the glaze gel, this is a helpful additional mechanism to keep it suspended.



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