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Volclay Bentonite

364CER,334,355,660,149,446,105,356,840,331,351

Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33 (Al1.67Mg0.33)Si4O10(OH)2 nH2O
Alternate Names: Volclay 325 Bentonite, Dioctahedral smectite

OxideAnalysisFormula
CaO0.65%0.097
MgO2.67%0.555
Na2O2.57%0.347
Al2O321.08%1.732
SiO263.02%8.790
Fe2O33.25%0.170
FeO0.35%0.036
LOI5.64
Oxide Weight784.55
Formula Weight831.44
If this formula is not unified correctly please contact us.
P325 - % Passing 325 Mesh Wet 90%
AVSC - Apparent Viscosity (cps) 12 cps minimum @ 6.25% solids
pHPW - pH for dry powder 8.5-10.5 @ 5% solids
P200 - % Passing 200 Mesh Wet 97%

A micronized sodium bentonite.
The 325 mesh version of this is most suitable for porcelains and a possible substitute for the more expensive HPM-20 Volclay.

Dioctahedral smectite, an expanding layer silicate.
Gray and cream-colored clays (montmorillonites) for use as suspension agents, viscosifiers, gellants and binders.
Has lower iron content that HPM-20 bentonite.
However while they company refers to their 325 mesh product, the data sheet says that 90% passes 325 mesh?


Could these bentonite particles cause specking in a porcelain?

Could these bentonite particles cause specking in a porcelain?

The stated particle size of a material and fired appearance can both be misleading. For example, these are Volclay 325 bentonite particles fired to cone 8 oxidation. They are from a water washed sieve analysis test, the oversize particles from a 325 mesh screen (left) make up 2% of the total and 1% are from the 200 mesh screen (right). Although the 325 particles appear ominously dark, individually they are likely to small to produce apparent fired specks in a porcelain. However 200 mesh sizes can produce visible fired specks, but that fraction of oversize does not have nearly as high iron or flux content. Still, the finer darker particles could agglomerate, it might be better to use a cleaner bentonite to plasticize a porcelain.

Two plasticizers, two results

Two plasticizers, two results

A comparison of the plasticity of Volclay 325 Bentonite:Silica 25:75 (top) and Hectalite 200:Silica 50:50. Both are mixed with silica powder. The latter (a highly refined bentonite) is much less plastic even though it is double the percentage in the recipe.

Out Bound Links


By Tony Hansen

XML for Import into INSIGHT

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <material name="Volclay Bentonite" descrip="364CER,334,355,660,149,446,105,356,840,331,351" searchkey="Volclay 325 Bentonite, Dioctahedral smectite" loi="0.00" casnumber="70694-09-6"> <oxides> <oxide symbol="CaO" name="Calcium Oxide, Calcia" status="" percent="0.650" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="MgO" name="Magnesium Oxide, Magnesia" status="" percent="2.670" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Na2O" name="Sodium Oxide, Soda" status="" percent="2.570" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Al2O3" name="Aluminum Oxide, Alumina" status="" percent="21.080" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="SiO2" name="Silicon Dioxide, Silica" status="" percent="63.020" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Fe2O3" name="Iron Oxide, Ferric Oxide" status="" percent="3.250" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="FeO" name="Ferrous Oxide" status="" percent="0.350" tolerance=""/> </oxides> <volatiles> <volatile symbol="LOI" name="Loss on Ignition" percent="5.640" tolerance=""/> </volatiles> </material>


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