Ceramic Materials



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Boraq

Plainsman Plastic Gerstley Borate Substitute

Alternate Names: Boraq 1

OxideAnalysisFormula
CaO21.80%0.413
MgO2.30%0.061
K2O0.60%0.007
Na2O3.60%0.062
Al2O32.80%0.029
B2O330.00%0.458
SiO213.50%0.239
Fe2O30.20%0.001
LOI25.30
Oxide Weight79.48
Formula Weight106.40
If this formula is not be unified correctly please contact us.

This material was developed by Plainsman Clays as a substitute for Gerstley Borate. The development effort took place during the early period when the industry was reacting to the demise of the material and the producer was failing to communicate the true status of continuing supplies. Other companies also introduced similar products at the time. Later Laguna Clays began processing a last stockpile of the material at mine.

Theoretically Gerstley Borate is calcium borate. But the real material is more complex, it is actually calcium-magnesium-sodium borate with added quartz and clay. The main mineral sources of these are ulexite, colemanite, calcium carbonate, dolomite and a micro fine clay (the reason for Gerstley Borate's plasticity). Cadycal was used as a substitute for the colemanite and Hectalite for the clay (the latter because it sources needed MgO also).

It was thought that with a reliable analysis of GB a mix of the above materials could be crafted to produce the same chemistry and that it would also have the same melting properties. However this did not prove to be the case, the natural mineralogy of GB supplies the oxides in a form that has a more active melting profile. That meant it was necessary to compromise the chemistry match (using a higher B2O3 content) to get the same melt fluidity at low temperatures. That is what this recipe is.

The chemistry of Boraq 2, Boraq vs Gerstley Borate (mole%):
Boraq 2 Boraq 1 GB
CaO 34.7 29.1 30.4
MgO 8.0 5.4 7.6
KNaO 4.6 4.8 5.7
B2O3 34.3 38.9 33.8
Al2O3 1.6 1.8 0.9
SiO2 17.2 19.5 21.6

While no longer manufactured, the process by which it was developed is over interest to technicians. Visit http://gerstleyborate.com for a material-by-material and oxide-by-oxide analysis of the similarities and differences between boraq and gerstley borate.


Pictures

Floating blue at cone 6 using boraq gerstley borate substitute

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By Tony Hansen

XML for Import into INSIGHT

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <material name="Boraq" descrip="Plainsman Plastic Gerstley Borate Substitute" searchkey="Boraq 1" loi="0.00" casnumber="167077-83-0"> <oxides> <oxide symbol="CaO" name="Calcium Oxide, Calcia" status="U" percent="21.800" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="MgO" name="Magnesium Oxide, Magnesia" status="U" percent="2.300" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="K2O" name="Potassium Oxide" status="U" percent="0.600" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Na2O" name="Sodium Oxide, Soda" status="U" percent="3.600" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Al2O3" name="Aluminum Oxide, Alumina" status="" percent="2.800" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="B2O3" name="Boric Oxide" status="U" percent="30.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="SiO2" name="Silicon Dioxide, Silica" status="" percent="13.500" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Fe2O3" name="Iron Oxide, Ferric Oxide" status="" percent="0.200" tolerance=""/> </oxides> <volatiles> <volatile symbol="LOI" name="Loss on Ignition" percent="25.300" tolerance=""/> </volatiles> </material>


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