Refers to a black matte glaze that resembles the surface of iron. These are most easily made at cone 10 reduction.
Alberta and Ravenscrag Slip pure at cone 5 reduction
At cone 5R pure Alberta Slip (left) is beginning to melt and flow down the runway of this tester. It is producing a matte gunmetal surface. Pure Ravenscrag Slip (right) is just starting (it needs frit to develop melt fluidity at this temperature). The iron in the Alberta Slip is melting it because of the reduction atmosphere in the kiln (it does not move like this in oxidation).
Alberta Slip with 1-5% add Mason 6600 black stain fired at cone 10R. Compared with 6666, these are more matte in higher percentages of stain. Notice that increased stain percentages do not darken the color appreciably.