•The secret to cool bodies and glazes is a lot of testing.
•The secret to know what to test is material and chemistry knowledge.
•The secret to learning from testing is documentation.
•The place to test, do the chemistry and document is an account at https://insight-live.com
•The place to get the knowledge is https://digitalfire.com
Quite simply, the weight of a formula. Typically, in glaze chemistry, when we refer to formula weight it is assumed we are talking about the weight of the fired formula of a glaze (without LOI and volatiles). However is is possible to also talk about the formula weight of a material (although materials are normally evaluated as analyses). In this case, the weight specified includes the volatiles (e.g. CO2, carbon, CO, H2O, etc) that burn away during firing.
Out Bound Links
Conceptually we consider fired ceramic glazes as being composed of 'oxides' (materials contribute these). The ten major oxides likely make up 99% of all base glazes (and materials we use). The oxide formula of a glaze "explains" many details about the way the glaze fires (provided all the materials ...
Substituting Materials by Weight: Why it does not work!
Consider a puzzling question using Insight.
Double-click wollastonite. Has 1:1 CaO:SiO2
Show recipe window with recipe 1 as 20 whiting, 20 silica, 40 feldspar, 20 kaolin; recipe 2 as 40 feldspar, 20...
Simplistically, LOI is the percentage of weight a material loses on firing. Assuming firing to a typical stoneware temperature of 1200C, the amount of weight loss can be surprising. Kaolins, for example, lose around 12% (mainly crystal-bound water). Ball clays lose about half of that (a combination ...
By Tony Hansen