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Tony Hansen's Thousand-Post TimeLine

I am the creator of Digitalfire Insight, the Digitalfire Reference Database and Insight-live.com. ... more

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When using stains, customize the percentage, host glaze and firing schedule

When using stains, customize the percentage, host glaze and firing schedule

These are G2926B clear glazes with stains added and fired at cone 6. The one on the left has 11% Mason 6021 encapsulated red. It is pebbling the surface (even with 2% zircon), it may be at the upper end of its firing range. Possible solutions are faster firing up and down to give the stain less ... more

Tuesday 3rd July 2018

The difference between a slip and an engobe

The difference between a slip and an engobe

L3685U slurry was applied to the insides of both of these mugs. But on the left it is a "slip", on the right an "engobe". Why? The left mug only has a thin layer, applied by painting a gummed version on (at leather hard stage). On the right a gelled slurry was poured into the leather hard piece, ... more

Tuesday 3rd July 2018

Terra cotta transparent glaze: Too thick and just right

Terra cotta transparent glaze: Too thick and just right

When clear-glazing terra cotta ware (Plainsman L215 here) an important issue is glaze thickness. The mug on the left was double-dipped (so suspended bubbles are present in the handle recess, thumb-hold and along its edges). The glaze needs to be thick enough so that it feels glassy smooth but thin ... more

Tuesday 3rd July 2018

Terra cotta with transparent glaze: At cone 04, 03

Terra cotta with transparent glaze: At cone 04, 03

The body is Plainsman L215 (bisque fired at cone 06). The glaze is G2931K. There is good reason to glaze fire to cone 03 instead of 04. Although these commercial underglazes work the same the clay fired at cone 03 is stronger and a deeper red color. But best of all, the glaze is more transparent ... more

Tuesday 3rd July 2018

Ravencrag rutile blue vs. Alberta Slip floating blue at cone 6

Ravencrag rutile blue vs. Alberta Slip floating blue at cone 6

Both have been applied at moderate thickness on Plainsman M325 (using a slurry of about 1.43-1.45 specific gravity, higher values end up getting them on too thick). The Ravenscrag version highlights contours better (the edges are black because of the black engobe underneath). It also produces the ... more

Tuesday 3rd July 2018

Manually programming a typical electric hobby kiln electronic controller

Manually programming a typical electric hobby kiln electronic controller

I document programs in my account at insight-live.com, then print them out and enter them into the controller. This controller can hold six, it calls them Users. The one I last edited is the one that runs when I press "Start". When I press the "Enter Program" button it asks which User: I key in "2" ... more

Thursday 28th June 2018

Thrown pieces made from pure Grolleg and EP Kaolin

Thrown pieces made from pure Grolleg and EP Kaolin

These have just been thrown on the wheel. They were slurried and dewatered to about the same water content and the same amount was thrown on a potters wheel to compare the plasticity. While the Grolleg is stickier and dewaters a little slower, it is not nearly as plastic. Curiously, New Zealand ... more

Sunday 24th June 2018

EPK fired bar (top) vs Grolleg at cone 10R. Why shrinking more?

EPK fired bar (top) vs Grolleg at cone 10R. Why shrinking more?

From these (SHAB test bars) EP kaolin appears to have a much higher fired shrinkage. But half of that happened during drying. Still, EPK shrinks 4% more during firing. Yet Grolleg produces more vitrified porcelains. The EPK bar also appears be whiter. Yet in a porcelain body Grolleg fires much ... more

Sunday 24th June 2018

Precipitate can forms in fritted glazes, remember to screen it

Precipitate can forms in fritted glazes, remember to screen it

Potters often store glazes for long periods so tiny spherical precipitate particles can form. These were found in a months-old bucket of G2926B (M370 clear) cone 6 clear glaze (about 2 gallons). These can appear over time, depending on factors like temperature, electrolytes in your water or ... more

Saturday 16th June 2018

G2926S low expansion cone 6 base glaze is here

G2926S low expansion cone 6 base glaze is here

G2926B has proven to be my most durable, crystal clear, non-crazing, easy-to-use general purpose cone 6 base glaze (from dozens I developed). However, some porcelains (e.g. Plainsman P300) need an even lower thermal expansion. G2926S adjusts "B" (by adding low-expansion MgO at the expense of ... more

Saturday 16th June 2018

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Chemistry plus physics. The on-line successor to desktop Insight. Get an account for as little as $15. It does so much more.

Conquer the Glaze Dragon With Digitalfire Reference info and software

Still available for Mac, PC, Linux

Interactive glaze chemistry calculations (legacy, no longer supported)


What people have said about digitalfire

• Thanks for your time and making the most informative website I have come across!

• Tony Hanson is like the person that is always waiting to answer my questions. He is very thoughtful and quick with response. I wish he was my neighbor.

• I want to also thank you for all you have done for the ceramic and pottery industry.

• Thanks for all you do for ceramics!

• What a lovely surprise to find you online. As I've changed to Broadband you were allowed through and I'm really pleased. I'm quite sure your site will be a source of much inspiration.

• I found a link to your great site whilst looking at oxides/effects ... Generally, the website is brilliant and I've already learned a lot. I need to try it out properly before I go ahead and buy the full thing. Looks very tempting, as all the answers are in one place. The testimonials look promising too.

• Go look at Tony Hansens page and look at Insite. Incredible amounts of information. He has a great explanation of .. Shivering ---and the opposite----- Crazing. Cause and solution.


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What people have said about Insight-Live

• It's very impressive work you do. Thanks you for providing it.

• Thank you again for the amazing website and wealth of information!!! InsightLive is proving to be an incredible asset as well!!!

• Yet again, you provide a quick answer not easily found elsewhere (a bowl was befuddling me with wall cracks that never made it to any edges.)

• I just want to thank you for this most interesting and informative article. I just did a general search for the compatibility of a stoneware glaze on porcelain, and your page came up! Wow! what a mine of information and just what I needed as I was also looking for a slip recipe for my students.

• Had quite quite a few problems learning to enter recipes.

• The articles contained very helpful. I work for luxury table ware well known brand from UK.

• I personally think that collaborations with the greatest expert in the sector makes me richer in knowledge and it will allow me to discover the fantastic secrets of ceramic.


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