Digitalfire Temperatures Database

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Temperature: 750C - 1000C

Description:Calcium carbonate decomposition
Type:Decomposition

Notes

Calcite converts to Quicklime on heating. If burned higher or too long it converts to dead burned lime. The decomposition process of this compound can generate tremendous amounts of gases and is quite complex and the subject of much discussion and research. Nilo Tozzi, an expert in tile manufacturing, says that 'calcium carbonate decomposes at about 880C when alone but when mixed into a ceramic body its decomposition starts at about 700C'. While some sources indicate a narrower range than shown here, we feel this wider range recognizes the many factors the play when calcite is found in bodies and glazes in a ceramic kiln (particle surface area, atmosphere, pressure, interactions with surrounding particles, density and thickness of the containing matrix, speed of firing). This material is highly suspect in glaze flaws related to the generation of gases from constituent materials in the glaze recipe. It may be advisable to source CaO from a frit or wollastonite if you have a problem. See the book Thermal Decomposition of Ionic Solids by Andrew K. Galwey, Michael E. Brown.


By Tony Hansen

Out Bound Links

  • (Minerals) Calcite

    The pure calcium carbonate crystal mineral.

In Bound Links

  • (Materials) Calcium Carbonate - CaCO3

    Carbonate of Lime, Whiting, Aragonite, Calcite, CaCO3

  • (Materials) Quicklime - CaO

    Burnt Lime, Dead-burned lime

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