Ceramic Materials

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Custer Feldspar

Potash Feldspar

Alternate Names: Custer Spar

OxideAnalysisFormula
CaO0.30%0.033
K2O10.00%0.664
Na2O3.00%0.303
Al2O317.00%1.042
SiO268.50%7.128
Fe2O30.10%0.004
LOI0.30
Oxide Weight618.54
Formula Weight620.40
Enter the formula and formula weight directly into the Insight MDT dialog (since it records materials as formulas).
Enter the analysis into an Insight recipe and enter the LOI using Override Calculated LOI (in the Calc menu). It will calculate the formula.
DENS - Density (Specific Gravity)
Sp VAL
1 2.6
SIEV - Sieve Analysis 35-325 Wet
Sp TOT 35M 48M 65M 100M 150M 200M 325M NOTE
1 100           0.3% (0.5% max) 4% (5% max)  
pHPW - pH for dry powder
Sp Valu
1 8.0

This is one of the main feldspars used in the ceramic industry in North America, especially in the west. It is used in industries such as abrasives, sanitary ware, floor and wall tile, dinnerware, pottery, and electrical porcelain throughout the United States, Mexico and Canada. This ceramic grade high potash feldspar is available in crude, 200, 325 mesh and chip form.

June 2015: Pacer has announced that it is transitioning to supplying 325 mesh product only (the 200# will not longer be available). The 325 designation does not mean that 100% of the material passes a 325 screen, it is still around 4% (whereas the 200# material was 8%).

Jan 2012: We were getting reports of a reduction in the potash content. Traditionally it has been reported as around 10% (as is shown in the chemistry given here, it is from their online data sheet dated 3/23/2005). However, analyses of many specimens over the past ten years (as provided to us by Ron Roy) suggests that around the year 2000 the K2O content dropped to about 7.5 (with no accompanying change in the Na2O). However, a melt flow test from Plainsman Clays using 2012 material demonstrates that melting is the same over the past year, it does not detect this possibly longer term trend. The chemical analysis of a load received in Nov 2013 reports 10.1 K2O, 3.1 Na2O and 0.1 Fe2O3 (which very closely matches their reported numbers).

Users should be vigilant to do sieve analysis testing to spot any iron bearing particles in the plus 100 mesh range.


Pictures

Feldspars, the primary high temperature flux, melt less than you think.

A cone 8 comparative flow tests of Custer, G-200 and i-minerals high soda and high potassium feldspars. Notice how little the pure materials are moving (bottom), even though they are fired to cone 11. In addition, the sodium feldspars move better than the potassium ones. But feldspars do their real fluxing work when they can interact with other materials. Notice how well they flow with only 10% frit added (top), even though they are being fired three cones lower.

Comparing the melt fluidity of two shipments of Custer Feldspar

Melt flow test comparing Custer Feldspar from Feb/2012 (right) with Mar/2011. Custer Feldspar does not melt like this by itself at cone 10. It was mixed 80:20 Feldspar:Ferro Frit 3134. This test demonstrates that the material has been very consistent between these two shipments.

Out Bound Links

In Bound Links


By Tony Hansen

XML for Import into INSIGHT

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <material name="Custer Feldspar" descrip="Potash Feldspar" searchkey="Custer Spar" loi="0.00" casnumber="12168-80-8"> <oxides> <oxide symbol="CaO" name="Calcium Oxide, Calcia" status="U" percent="0.300" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="K2O" name="Potassium Oxide" status="U" percent="10.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Na2O" name="Sodium Oxide, Soda" status="U" percent="3.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Al2O3" name="Aluminum Oxide, Alumina" status="" percent="17.000" tolerance="16.5 min"/> <oxide symbol="SiO2" name="Silicon Dioxide, Silica" status="" percent="68.500" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Fe2O3" name="Iron Oxide, Ferric Oxide" status="" percent="0.100" tolerance="0.05"/> </oxides> <volatiles> <volatile symbol="LOI" name="Loss on Ignition" percent="0.300" tolerance=""/> </volatiles> </material>


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