Ceramic Materials

Logged in as Logout

•The secret to cool bodies and glazes is alot of testing.
•The secret to know what to test is material and chemistry knowledge.
•The secret to learning from testing is documentation.
•The place to test, do the chemistry and document is an account at https://insight-live.com
•The place to get the knowledge is https://digitalfire.com

Sign-up at https://insight-live.com today.

Barnard Slip

High Iron Clay

Alternate Names: Blackbird Slip, Blackbird Clay, Barnard Clay

Oxide Weight931.26
Formula Weight1015.66
This is the chemistry of the material (the formula compares numbers of molecules, the analysis compares them by weight). In glazes, the composite chemistry of the mix is the main factor shaping fired properties (e.g. color, melting temperature, surface). In bodies we are interested in their physical properties (e.g. shrinkage, porosity, strength), these are a product of the mineralogy of the materials.

Barnard clay has long been used by potters as a source of iron in dark firing glazes. It offers price advantages over using iron oxide and being a clay aids in suspending the materials in the slurry. Barnard has proven valuable for iron slip glazes requiring high clay content. For example, a mixture of 90% Barnard and 20% calcium carbonate will produce a nearly black glaze around cone 9.

Published chemistries appear to be highly variable. We have seen iron amounts as low as 14% and as high as 34% (the other oxides are likewise variable).

Barnard clay is a silty material with very low plasticity; so low that it is difficult to form test specimens from it in the plastic state (yet the drying shrinkage is around 5.5%!). The material is extremely messy to work with and stains containers and everything it touches. There is some variation in the color (and thus of thevfired results of glazes and slips employing it).

Fired bars are very dark brown at cone 04 proceeding to black at cone 4. At cone 6 it is beginning to melt. Cone 06 porosity is around 20% but drops sharply to 13% at cone 04 and then to near zero at cone 4 where maximum vitrification is attained (higher firing begins to expand test bars). It has a porosity of below 1% and almost 13% fired shrinkage at cone 4. At cone 04 the porosity is 13% and fired shrinkage is 7%.

To duplicate this material the base clay needs to have low plasticity and be high in iron and silica and low in alumina and flux. Since iron oxide and silica need to be added flux containing clays could possibly be diluted enough to work. If you would like more information please email us and we can give you trial recipes in return for your reports on their testing.

We used to quote the following analysis, but have changed it as a result of fired tests.

CaO - 0.6
MgO - 0.7
K2O - 1.1
Na2O - 0.6
TiO2 - 0.2
Al2O3 - 7.6
SiO2 - 47
Fe2O3 - 33.9
LOI - 8.3

The nature of the color demonstrates that the material must have a significant amount of MnO (Ron Roy quoted this on Clayart). We will do some testing with varying amounts of iron and manganese to adjust this further if necessary.


What really is Barnard Slip?

These are fired bars of Barnard Slip going from cone 06 (bottom) to cone 6 (top). By cone 5 it is beginning to expand and at cone 6 it has turned glossy and is starting to melt.

Out Bound Links

By Tony Hansen

XML for Import into INSIGHT

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <material name="Barnard Slip" descrip="High Iron Clay" searchkey="Blackbird Slip, Blackbird Clay, Barnard Clay" loi="0.00" casnumber="70694-09-6"> <oxides> <oxide symbol="CaO" name="Calcium Oxide, Calcia" status="" percent="0.300" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="MgO" name="Magnesium Oxide, Magnesia" status="" percent="0.800" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="K2O" name="Potassium Oxide" status="" percent="2.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="TiO2" name="Titanium Dioxide, Titania" status="" percent="0.700" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Al2O3" name="Aluminum Oxide, Alumina" status="" percent="10.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="SiO2" name="Silicon Dioxide, Silica" status="" percent="59.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="Fe2O3" name="Iron Oxide, Ferric Oxide" status="" percent="15.000" tolerance=""/> <oxide symbol="MnO" name="Manganous Oxide" status="" percent="3.500" tolerance=""/> </oxides> <volatiles> <volatile symbol="LOI" name="Loss on Ignition" percent="8.310" tolerance=""/> </volatiles> </material>

Feedback, Suggestions

Your email address


Your Name


Copyright 2003, 2008 https://digitalfire.com, All Rights Reserved